Framing, OSI Layer 1, 2 or both?

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Apr 14th, 2007
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I have read about framing for ethernet at layer 2, Then i have read about framing at layer 1 for ISDN, so...

What really is framing and at witch osi layer operates?

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scottmac Sat, 04/14/2007 - 14:40
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Both, sort of.

Ethernet is the most common LAN framing/encapsulation for networking protocols at layer two. Frame-Relay is very common L2 for WANs.

What you are hearing about with ISDN (or ATM) are sublayers.

The pulses making up the q921 (like "ISDN Layer 2") & q931(like ISDN Layer 3) signaling on ISDN are all still considered to occur at layer 1.

Within the Layer 1 signaling / framing (ISDN or ATM ...) the L2 protocols are carried transparently.

That's why, even though your WAN traffic is carried on Frame-Relay, probably converted to ATM in the cloud, possibly converted/encapsulated to/in SONET through some metro systems, and "un-converted" back to Frame-Relay on the other "last mile" to your other endpoint, the two WAN routers see the link as a single entity.

It's all just one long "layer 1" (logical) wire as far as the endpoint routers are concerned.

Good Luck



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