CCM 6 and Multiple t1's to remote sites

Unanswered Question

I need some help with what would be the best setup for CCM 6 centralized deployment and having multiple t1's to each remote site. HQ has a 7206VXR with T3-PA adapter and 2 channels (2 t1's) setup to each of 10 remote site. We are now planning on running VOIP across the network and am wondering the best method for setting up the t1's.

Should I use eigrp equal cost load balancing (either per-packet or per destianation) or should I setup MLP (multilink PPP) using fragmentation and interleaving?

Can i apply auto qos to the MLP interface? or do i need to create an MPF policy like before auto qos was around?

Any suggestions as to the best approach would be appreciated.

I have this problem too.
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wbreitzke Mon, 02/11/2008 - 14:31

If you are having frame relay connection then MLP would be a better option.MLP provides a method of splitting, recombining, and sequencing datagrams across multiple logical data links. MLP allows packets to be fragmented and the fragments to be sent at the same time over multiple point-to-point links to the same remote address.

http://cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/12_1/qos/configuration/guide/qcdlfi.html

I understand what MLP is and how it works.

The document you suggest only points out how to configure MLP for RTP but doesn't say this is a preferred method over eigrp equal cost load balancing.

What I'm asking is what is the preference for VOICE. The t1's in question will be straight point to point hdlc links. I can configure them with any enacap. i want.

I can't find a definitive cisco design recommendation for multiple t1's with voice. i can configure eigrp for equal cost load balancing using either per-packet round robin or per destination or use MLP.

Does cisco have a design recommendation for my situation?

Thanks for your reply.

lagos Tue, 02/12/2008 - 05:53

Hi,

I personally would configure multilink PPP. This will save you headache when configuring QoS for 10 multilinks instead of 20 serial interfaces.

Are you running any QoS on the network today? My recomendation would be to implement a simple 3 class system protecting your UDP audio/realtime voice, signaling and control protocols. Without any other changes, this will utilize LLQ/priority queue for real-time traffic and keep the data portion of the network roughly the same as it was. Cisco IP phones and devices will correctly mark DSCP, so typically it's just a matter of trusting uplinks and phones on your switchports.

I'd also take a look at call admission control in CUCM. By configuring the location bandwidth for each site to match the BW in your priority queue, you can keep from oversubscribing the link. The LLQ is unique in that if oversubscription does occur, packets will be dropped not queued which of course impacts all active calls.

Good luck!

These are clear channel t1's so I wanted to run AUTO QOS VOIP TRUST.

Also, if I use MLPPP than what do I do for Fragmentation and Interleaving. The CUCM design guide show in a previous response says not to use Frag/interleaving on links faster than 768K.

Can you post a config you've used with this setup, that would greatly help me.

Thanks,

lagos Tue, 02/12/2008 - 18:09

The MLPPP feature works very well for real-time traffic. As long as there aren't any major latency differences between the circuits you should be fine.

interface Multilink1

ip address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.252

ppp multilink

ppp multilink group 1

service-policy output mlpppout

The auto qos tool is cool, but can make things pretty complicated since it will account for all the traffic on your network. Here's a basic 3-class policy-map example:

policy-map mlpppout

class signalling

bandwidth percent 2

class control

bandwidth percent 5

class voice-bearer

priority percent 33

class class-default

Good luck!

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