I downloaded a ios file from cisco site. it is saved on my desktop, what is the easy way to copy it from the dsktp to the router.there is no scp or tftp on my Lan, will establish that later, but for now just needed the easy install.. Thanks
The best way is by ethernet, either by FTP or TFTP. You'll need to install a server on your PC, there's no way around it unless you want to spend 8 hours copying the config by xmodem with a console cable.
I just fire up the IIS FTP server on my PC and use that, but you could download a free tftp server here:
Make sure you have enough flash memory to hold the image by typing "dir" and checking the available space. Delete files if required ("delete flash:/filename"). You may have to squeeze the flash depending on the router type "squeeze flash:".
Depending if you used tftp or ftp, use the following commands to copy the file:
copy ftp://username:firstname.lastname@example.org/directory/filename.bin flash:
copy tftp://x.x.x.x/directory/filename.bin flash:
Follow the prompts. If you have only one image in flash, reboot the router and you get the new version. If you have multiple, enter the command "boot system flash:/filename.bin" to make sure it boots the image you want.