how to disable auto- negotiation on port

Answered Question
Jun 25th, 2009
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Hi every body!


I just want to know how one can disable the auto-negotiation on switch's port? My book says configuring speed and duplex will disable the auto-negotiation.But i read somewhere auto-negotiation is disabled by configuring duplex mode.


thanks a lot!

Correct Answer by Jon Marshall about 7 years 11 months ago

Sarah


"I also belived that auto-negotiation only help decides the duplex mode."


Sorry if i gave you the wrong impression. Auto-negotiation uses Fast link Pulses (FLP) to determine both the duplex AND the speed.


However if auto-negotiation is disabled then duplex cannot be discovered ie. it must be hardcoded, but speed can be detected using other means eg. the incoming electrical signal.


So a better way to put it -


auto-negotiation on = duplex and speed both determined using FLP.


auto-negotiation off - duplex cannot be detected but speed can using different method.


Jon

Correct Answer by Jon Marshall about 7 years 11 months ago

Sarah


Auto-negotiation is primarily concerned with duplex and not speed. If you disable auto-negotiation then the switch can still detect the speed based on the incoming electrical signal.


I have always worked on the assumption that if you want to disable auto-negotiation you should configure both speed and duplex explicitly.


Jon

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Correct Answer
Jon Marshall Thu, 06/25/2009 - 14:15
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Sarah


Auto-negotiation is primarily concerned with duplex and not speed. If you disable auto-negotiation then the switch can still detect the speed based on the incoming electrical signal.


I have always worked on the assumption that if you want to disable auto-negotiation you should configure both speed and duplex explicitly.


Jon

sarahr202 Thu, 06/25/2009 - 14:44
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Thanks Jon!


I also belived that auto-negotiation only help decides the duplex mode. The speed can be determined either by ftp of auto-negotiation process or by simply electrial signals received from the port.

But then i found the following link which shows both speed and duplex mode are decided by auto-ngotiation process. please see the technology ability field in the link.


http://www.iol.unh.edu/services/testing/ge/training/1000BASE-T/ANEG_brief.php



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Correct Answer
Jon Marshall Thu, 06/25/2009 - 14:56
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Sarah


"I also belived that auto-negotiation only help decides the duplex mode."


Sorry if i gave you the wrong impression. Auto-negotiation uses Fast link Pulses (FLP) to determine both the duplex AND the speed.


However if auto-negotiation is disabled then duplex cannot be discovered ie. it must be hardcoded, but speed can be detected using other means eg. the incoming electrical signal.


So a better way to put it -


auto-negotiation on = duplex and speed both determined using FLP.


auto-negotiation off - duplex cannot be detected but speed can using different method.


Jon

sarahr202 Thu, 06/25/2009 - 15:11
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Thanks Jon! you are very articulate as usual.


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