Network Design (BGP)

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Aug 11th, 2009
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Looking for a routing solution so traffic will pass over the primary MPLS circuit (ISP A) on Site A, and use the secondary MPLs circuit (ISP B) as a backup solution only)


Site A


EIGRP routing running between all switches and routers (SW1_A, SW2_A, R1_A & R2_A).


HSRP running between switches (SW1_A & SW2_A).



Should I change the metric for the BGP routes for the backup circuit on site A & B.

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Jon Marshall Tue, 08/11/2009 - 05:18
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Colm


1) Are you redistributing BGP into EIGRP

2) Are you redistributing EIGRP into BGP

3) Are you running IBGP between R1_A & R2_A

4) Are you running IGBP between R1_B and R2_B


If you are redistributing BGP into EIGRP then at first glance the easiest solution would be to have R2_A generate a default route into EIGRP in site A and stop R2_A redistributing BGP into EIGRP.


On R1_A continue to redistribute BGP into EIGRP.


Then under normal circumstances the more specific routes from BGP that are redistributed into EIGRP will be used and only if that link fails will the default route via R2_A be utilised.


Jon

colmgrier Tue, 08/11/2009 - 05:47
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Jon,


1) Are you redistributing BGP into EIGRP


Yes, all BGP routes from remote sites are being redistributed into EIGRP (Site A)


2) Are you redistributing EIGRP into BGP


No, I'm using the network command under BGP, to advertise selected networks from the routing table over BGP (Site A)


3) Are you running IBGP between R1_A & R2_A


No. I cant run IBGP between R1_A & R2_A because the MPLS circuits are provided by different ISPs and therefore use different BGP AS numbers


4) Are you running IGBP between R1_B and R2_B


Same as 3.


Regards,

Colm

colmgrier Tue, 08/11/2009 - 06:13
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Jon,


Could you explan the below with an example config. See below for current configuration for Site A.


If you are redistributing BGP into EIGRP then at first glance the easiest solution would be to have R2_A generate a default route into EIGRP in site A and stop R2_A redistributing BGP into EIGRP.


On R1_A continue to redistribute BGP into EIGRP.


Then under normal circumstances the more specific routes from BGP that are redistributed into EIGRP will be used and only if that link fails will the default route via R2_A be utilised.


###########################


Site A


### R1_A ###



interface GigabitEthernet0/0

description "LAN"

ip address 10.1.20.5 255.255.255.0

duplex auto

speed auto


interface GigabitEthernet0/1

description "MPLS (Primary)"

ip address 89.124.200.6 255.255.255.252


router eigrp 90

redistribute bgp 70000 metric 128 50 255 100 1500

network 10.1.20.0 0.0.0.255

no auto-summary


router bgp 70000

no synchronization

bgp log-neighbor-changes

network 10.1.20.0 mask 255.255.255.0

network 10.1.21.0 mask 255.255.255.0

neighbor 89.124.200.5 remote-as 3000

no auto-summary




### R2_A ###



interface GigabitEthernet0/0

description "LAN"

ip address 10.1.20.6 255.255.255.0

duplex auto

speed auto


interface GigabitEthernet0/1

description "MPLS (Backup)"

ip address 89.124.100.6 255.255.255.252


router eigrp 90

redistribute bgp 65000 metric 128 50 255 100 1500

network 10.1.20.0 0.0.0.255

no auto-summary


router bgp 65000

no synchronization

bgp log-neighbor-changes

network 10.1.20.0 mask 255.255.255.0

network 10.1.21.0 mask 255.255.255.0

neighbor 89.124.100.5 remote-as 2500

no auto-summary




### SW1_A ###



interface Vlan20

description "LAN_1"

ip address 10.1.20.2 255.255.255.0

standby 20 ip 10.1.20.1

standby 20 priority 105

standby 20 preempt

standby 20 authentication C1sc0

standby 20 track GigabitEthernet1/1


interface Vlan21

description "LAN_2"

ip address 10.1.21.2 255.255.255.0

standby 21 ip 10.1.21.1

standby 21 priority 105

standby 21 preempt

standby 21 authentication C1sc0

standby 21 track GigabitEthernet1/1


router eigrp 90

netork 10.1.20.0 0.0.0.255

netork 10.1.21.0 0.0.0.255

no auto-summary



### SW2_A ###



interface Vlan20

description "LAN_1"

ip address 10.1.20.3 255.255.255.0

standby 20 ip 10.1.20.1

standby 20 priority 105

standby 20 preempt

standby 20 authentication C1sc0

standby 20 track GigabitEthernet1/1


interface Vlan21

description "LAN_2"

ip address 10.1.21.3 255.255.255.0

standby 21 ip 10.1.21.1

standby 21 priority 105

standby 21 preempt

standby 21 authentication C1sc0

standby 21 track GigabitEthernet1/1


router eigrp 90

netork 10.1.20.0 0.0.0.255

netork 10.1.21.0 0.0.0.255

no auto-summary



Regards,

Colm

Jon Marshall Tue, 08/11/2009 - 06:51
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Colm


R2_A


ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 89.124.100.5 (this is the ISP next-hop interface)


router eigrp 90

redistribute static

network 10.1.20.0 0.0.0.255

no auto-summary


the above config would advertise a default-route back into Site A.


There are other ways this could be done by using an EIGRP summary address but the above should work fine.


Jon

colmgrier Tue, 08/11/2009 - 07:19
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Jon,


Let me get this straight, just a bit confused. On R2_A I only need the addition config for the static route.


Therefore: If R1_A failes all traffic will use the backup circuit (ingress/egress)



ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 89.124.100.5


router eigrp 90

redistribute static

network 10.1.20.0 0.0.0.255

no auto-summary


router bgp 65000

no synchronization

bgp log-neighbor-changes

network 10.1.20.0 mask 255.255.255.0

network 10.1.21.0 mask 255.255.255.0

neighbor 89.124.100.5 remote-as 2500

no auto-summary




Jon Marshall Tue, 08/11/2009 - 08:12
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Colm


You will need to do the same on R2_B so that traffic coming back to site A will use the primary link under normal conditions and only use the backup link if the primary link fails.


Apart from that your config above is fine.


Jon

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