antenna

Answered Question
Jan 21st, 2010
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Hi,

in Access-point series 1240 Can I instal one antenna also instead couple?

Does someone advice me an a documents about ?



best regards


Lorenzo

Correct Answer by Rob Huffman about 7 years 5 months ago

Hi Lorenzo,


In many deployment scenarios a "single" Antenna will work just fine


The purpose of the dual RP-TNC connectors on the AP is not to cover 2 separate areas, but rather to give better coverage in a specific type of area by configuring the antennas for Diversity.Have a look;


In order to increase coverage, conduct a site survey to determine the RF coverage of the antennas. Place access points in the appropriate areas of the installation site. The purpose of diversity is to overcome multipath reflections. Diversity antennas that share the same physical housing are placed at an optimum distance apart. The maker of the particular antenna determines that distance based on the characteristics of the antenna. When you use a pair of antennas with matching characteristics to provide diversity for cell coverage in your facility, the guideline is to put those matched antennas at a distance apart from each other that is equal to a multiple of the wavelength of the frequency that is being transmitted. The 2.4 GHz wavelength is approximately 4.92 inches. Therefore, to support diversity on a 2.4 GHz radio with two separate antennas, the antennas should be spaced approximately 5 inches apart. The antenna pair could also be spaced at multiples of 5 inches, but the distance between should not exceed 4 multiples: reflected waves farther apart than that are likely to be so distorted and different in delay spread that the radio could not work with them.


From this doc;


Multipath and Diversity


http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/tk722/tk809/technologies_tech_note09186a008019f646.shtml


The farther the antennas are separated, the more the radio coverage cell for each antenna is different. If the coverage cells become too different, the client or end node can experience signal loss and poor performance. An example of different coverage cells would be a directional antenna on one antenna port with an omnidirectional or higher-gain antenna on the other port.


The purpose of diversity is to provide the best possible throughput by reducing the number of packets that are missed or retried.


If two diversity antennas are installed, Cisco recommends that you configure Diversity for the antenna receive and antenna transmit settings.


If only one antenna is installed, Cisco recommends that you connect it to the right RP-TNC antenna connector and that you configure Right (Primary) for the antenna receive and antenna transmit settings.



Cheers!

Rob

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Correct Answer
Rob Huffman Thu, 01/21/2010 - 09:07
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Hi Lorenzo,


In many deployment scenarios a "single" Antenna will work just fine


The purpose of the dual RP-TNC connectors on the AP is not to cover 2 separate areas, but rather to give better coverage in a specific type of area by configuring the antennas for Diversity.Have a look;


In order to increase coverage, conduct a site survey to determine the RF coverage of the antennas. Place access points in the appropriate areas of the installation site. The purpose of diversity is to overcome multipath reflections. Diversity antennas that share the same physical housing are placed at an optimum distance apart. The maker of the particular antenna determines that distance based on the characteristics of the antenna. When you use a pair of antennas with matching characteristics to provide diversity for cell coverage in your facility, the guideline is to put those matched antennas at a distance apart from each other that is equal to a multiple of the wavelength of the frequency that is being transmitted. The 2.4 GHz wavelength is approximately 4.92 inches. Therefore, to support diversity on a 2.4 GHz radio with two separate antennas, the antennas should be spaced approximately 5 inches apart. The antenna pair could also be spaced at multiples of 5 inches, but the distance between should not exceed 4 multiples: reflected waves farther apart than that are likely to be so distorted and different in delay spread that the radio could not work with them.


From this doc;


Multipath and Diversity


http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/tk722/tk809/technologies_tech_note09186a008019f646.shtml


The farther the antennas are separated, the more the radio coverage cell for each antenna is different. If the coverage cells become too different, the client or end node can experience signal loss and poor performance. An example of different coverage cells would be a directional antenna on one antenna port with an omnidirectional or higher-gain antenna on the other port.


The purpose of diversity is to provide the best possible throughput by reducing the number of packets that are missed or retried.


If two diversity antennas are installed, Cisco recommends that you configure Diversity for the antenna receive and antenna transmit settings.


If only one antenna is installed, Cisco recommends that you connect it to the right RP-TNC antenna connector and that you configure Right (Primary) for the antenna receive and antenna transmit settings.



Cheers!

Rob

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