Nortel IP Phones behind NAC

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Jul 2, 2009 4:37 AM
Jul 2nd, 2009

How to pass DHCP requests for Nortel IP Phones behind NAC

The process for a Nortel IP phone to connect to the Nortel IP PBX requires  two steps. First the phone makes a DHCP request on the native or DATA VLAN and  the DHCP offer provides the VOIP VLAN tag. Then the phone then makes a request  for a DHCP address on the VOIP VLAN and is also directed in that DHCP offer what  the identity of the IP PBX is and how to communicate with it. To provide for  this to work we need to add a DHCP option regarding the VOIP VLAN ID on the DATA  DHCP scope and also add a different DHCP option to the VOIP DHCP scope to  identify access to the IP PBX.

1.    Click on the Windows Start button. Select Programs > Administrative Tools > DHCP. The administrative console window
      opens.

2.    Highlight DHCP and expand the DHCP option (if it is not already expanded).

3.    Highlight the server and right-click to open the pop-up menu. Select Set Predefined Options from the menu. Do not go
      into the Vendor Specific settings. The Predefined Options and Values window opens.

4.    Click Add. The Change Option Type window opens.

5.    Enter the desired Name. For this example, the name of "Nortel-i2004-A" is entered.

6.    Select Code 128.

7.    Click OK to close the window. The Predefined Options and Values window reopens with the string 128 Nortel-i2004-A
      entered in the Option name field.

8.    Under the Value area, enter the following string in the String field: "Nortel-i2004-A,x.x.x.x:4100,1,10." using the
      following guidelines:

·         The string is case-sensitive.

·         Place a period at the end of the string.

·         Commas are used as separators.

·         Spaces are not allowed.

·         x.x.x.x is the IP address of the IP Telephony node.

·         If it is a BCM, replace the 4100 value with 7000.

9.    Click OK.

10.   Click Add. The Change Option Type window opens.

11.   Enter the desired Name. For this example, the name of "VLAN-A" is entered.

12.   Select Code 191.

13.   Click OK to close the window. The Predefined Options and Values window reopens with the string 191 VLAN-A entered in
      the Option name field.

14.   Under the Value area, enter the following string in the String field: "VLAN-A:AAA+BBB+CCC." Using the following
      guidelines:

·         The string is case-sensitive.

·         Place a period at the end of the string.

·         "+" are used as separators.

·         Spaces are not allowed.

·         AAA, BBB, or CCC is the numeric value of the voice Vlans, there can be up to 10 Vlans identified.

15.  The Code 128 must now be added to the applicable VOIP scopes and the Code 191 must now be added to applicable DATA
     scopes.
     Click on the scope (Scope [x.x.x.x] name) to expand the scope, then click Scope Options.

16.  The Scope Options window opens.
     On the General tab, scroll to the bottom of the list and check the 128 Nortel-i2004-A option
     and the 191 VLAN-A option show up under their respective scopes.

17. Click OK. The Option Name and Value appear in the right pane of the administrative console window.

Configure a Windows 2000 server with DHCP services using the DHCP Manager.  More information can be found here: [1]


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