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Configure Dynamic Routing Protocol on an RV34x Series Router
Advanced Routing has two kinds of settings: Static and Dynamic. In the Static routing mechanism, a static or predetermined route is created when a router is connected to more than one network. The network information routes through this predetermined pathway to reach a particular host or network. Dynamic routing enables the router to adjust automatically to physical changes in the network layout. Using the dynamic Routing Information Protocol (RIP), the router calculates the most efficient route for the network data packets to travel between the source and destination.
RIP is a distance-vector protocol used by routers to exchange routing information. RIP uses hop count as its routing metric. RIP prevents routing loops from continuing indefinitely by implementing a limit on the number of hops allowed in a path from the source to a destination. The maximum hop count for RIP is 15 which limits the network size that it can support. Thus, the RIP version 2 was developed. Unlike the classful RIPv1, RIPv2 is a classless routing protocol that includes the subnet masks when it sends out its routing updates.
Summarizing routes in RIPv2 improves scalability and efficiency in large networks. Summarizing IP addresses means that there is no entry for child routes (a route that is created for any combination of the individual IP addresses contained within a summary address) in the RIP routing table, reducing the size of the table and allowing the router to handle more routes.
RIPng (Routing Information Protocol next generation) is an information routing protocol for the IPv6. RIPng for IPv6 is based on protocols and algorithms used extensively in the IPv4 Internet such as RIP and RIPv2.
This article provides you with instructions on how to configure dynamic routing on your RV34x Series Router.
Configure Dynamic Routing
Step 1. Log in to the web-based utility of the router and choose Routing > RIP.
Step 2. Check the Enable RIP check box for the Internet Protocol (IP) version you want to enable for RIP. The options are for IPv4 and for IPv6.
Note: In this example, both for IPv4 and for IPv6 are checked.
Note: Sending RIP advertisements on WAN interface is automatically disabled if the Network Address Translation (NAT) is enabled.
Step 1. (Optional) Check the Enable check box of an interface you want to apply RIP. This applies all RIP versions to the interface.
Note: In this example, VLAN1 and WAN1 are checked.
Step 2. (Optional) In the RIP version 1 area, check the Enable check box to allow routing information to be sent through RIP version 1. If the check boxes were already checked in Step 1, skip to Step 4.
Step 3. (Optional) Check the Passive check box to disable routing information from broadcasting through RIP version 1.
Note: Depending on which interface is being configured, this will be enabled by default. On WAN interfaces, this is unchangeable.