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New Member

ASA Policy NAT

I am have a problem with policy nat on an ASA 5510. The customer has supplied me with the following conditions but so far I have been unable to get it to work.

pleas see the attached pdf document. for diagram

All of the 10.1.1.0/24 network hides behind the outside address of 192.168.1.254 on FW1.

when connecting to the server at 172.16.1.1, the source address of 192.168.1.254 must target 192.168.1.11 on the same network.  192.168.1.11 must then be NATted to 10.50.1.11 on the inside interface of FW2.  This is the only source address that is allowed to connect to 172.16.1.1

I have tried different variations of policy NAT but nothing seems to work.   I believe this to be my configuration error rather than the possibility that the ASA can't do this

Any assistance is most appreciated.

regards

Keith

1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION

Accepted Solutions
Cisco Employee

Re: ASA Policy NAT

OK, if you say destination is 192.168.1.11 that means they are actually NATing the server to that ip address, not NATing the client (source) to that IP.

Before I go any further, this server will only be accessible for this customer? Not for anybody else, right?

If this is the case, then you would need the following on your FW2:

static (inside,outside) 192.168.1.11 172.16.1.1 netmask 255.255.255.255

Then the following to NAT 192.168.1.254 to 10.50.1.11:

static (outside,inside) 10.50.1.11 192.168.1.254 netmask 255.255.255.255

9 REPLIES
Cisco Employee

Re: ASA Policy NAT

Sorry, can you please confirm that this is what you are trying to achieve:

-- All traffic from 10.1.1.0/24 destined for server with ip address of 172.16.1.1 needs to be NATed to 10.50.1.11, ie:

basically PAT 10.1.1.0/24 to 10.50.1.11 ?

I am not quite sure what you mean by "target 192.168.1.11 on the same network". Do you mean that 172.16.1.1 needs to be seen as 192.168.1.11 by the 10.1.1.0/24 network?

New Member

Re: ASA Policy NAT

the customer is trying to avoid all routing on his own network, therefore he hides all outgoing traffic behind 192.168.1.254, which is drectly connected to

his own firewall. If he has a source address of 192.168.1.254 and a destination address of 192.168.1.11, then he has no need to apply any routing because it is all directly connected.

This means that FW2 has all the work to do.   He has to take the address of 192.168.1.11 on the outside and NAT it to 10.50.1.11 on the inside.

The server they are trying to connect to on the other side of the MPLS cloud is 172.16.1.1 is only allowed to accept a source address of 10.50.1.11

Basically the customer wants to connect to 172.16.1.1, source address 10.50.1.11 (NAT from 192.168.1.11)

Hope that helps

Many thanks for taking the time to look at this problem

Keith

Cisco Employee

Re: ASA Policy NAT

Sorry, but isn't it easier to PAT all traffic from source 10.1.1.0/24 destined for 172.16.1.1 directly to 10.50.1.11?

I don't quite understand why you have to triple NAT the traffic from 10.1.1.0/24?

At the moment, if I understand you, you are trying to:

PAT from 10.1.1.0/24 to 192.168.1.254 then somehow NAT again to 192.168.1.11 and again to 10.50.1.11

Why not PAT directly from 10.1.1.0/24 to 10.50.1.11?

New Member

Re: ASA Policy NAT

Yes, you are right of course, unfortunately, both customers have the same network ranges, so therefore we have to NAT to an address that is acceptable to both. The customer uses the transition network of 192.168.1.0/24 for all external connections.

Cisco Employee

Re: ASA Policy NAT

You definitely can't NAT to FW1 outside interface (192.168.1.254) then NAT it again within the same network to 192.168.1.11.

You can NAT it directly to 192.168.1.11 on FW1 and then NAT it to 10.50.1.11 on FW2.

FW1:

access-list nat-to-server permit ip 10.1.1.0 255.255.255.0 host 172.16.1.1

nat (inside) 1 access-list nat-to-server

global (outside) 1 192.168.1.11

FW2:

static (outside,inside) 10.50.1.11 192.168.1.11 netmask 255.255.255.255

You would need to configure the ACL accordingly, and also "clear xlate" on both FW aftre the above. I believe it should work.

New Member

Re: ASA Policy NAT

unfortunately, I have no control over the configuration on FW1, this device belongs to the customer. I only have control over FW2.  When I observe traffic on FW 2, I can see a source address of 192.168.1 254 and a destination of 192.168.1.11 but no translation to 10.50.1.11 at all.

I tried policy NAT with the following statement

access-list outside_nat_outbound line 1 extended permit ip 192.168.1.11 host 172.16.1.1

!

nat (outside) 1 access-list outside_nat_outbound

!

global (Inside) 1 10.50.1.11 netmask 255.255.255.255

but this didn't appear to work either.

many thanks for you assistance with this issue.

Cisco Employee

Re: ASA Policy NAT

OK, if you say destination is 192.168.1.11 that means they are actually NATing the server to that ip address, not NATing the client (source) to that IP.

Before I go any further, this server will only be accessible for this customer? Not for anybody else, right?

If this is the case, then you would need the following on your FW2:

static (inside,outside) 192.168.1.11 172.16.1.1 netmask 255.255.255.255

Then the following to NAT 192.168.1.254 to 10.50.1.11:

static (outside,inside) 10.50.1.11 192.168.1.254 netmask 255.255.255.255

New Member

Re: ASA Policy NAT

many thanks for the information, I have now solved the issue - the fix being extremely similar to your recommendation except I used a static policy NAT.  Your input has been extremely beneficial in helping me resolve the problem. Thank you for taking the time to  look at this for me.

regards

Keith Newbould  |  Lead Technical Specialist - Networks | Technical & Resolver Group | UK Service Operations | BT Global Services |

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Cisco Employee

Re: ASA Policy NAT

Great to hear, Keith. Thanks for the ratings.

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