My question is this why do I want or need vlans?
Here is a little info
We have 9 sites [Schools] all connected by gig fiber
Right now we have a flat network no vlans, 10/100 switches and all servers are centrally located
Servers are Novell 6.5 running both ip and ipx
99.5% of our computers are XP we have about 1200
2 T1s both are in one 2620XM located with the servers
I need the teachers and admin to be able to get to printers at all schools
basically, with 1200 users on the same LAN, or VLAN, like in your current setup, chances are that your network performance will start to decrease at a certain point. The general rule of thumb is to keep a VLAN at the size of a normal class C network, that is, approximately 250 users. The nature of a LAN, or VLAN, is that all broadcast traffic, such as ARP requests, is sent to all hosts on the (V)LAN, thereby possibly using up bandwidth. That said, if you or your users do not complain about slow performance, you indeed would not need to implement VLANs and routing between them. On the other hand, if performance is slow, users might be so used to that that it seems normal to them. After all, performance is often subjective...
Does that make sense ?
It does make sense Im just wondering about the implementation of it
I would think that each school should be in its own vlan then Can you make a single port a member of multiple Vlans?
School 1 = Vlan 1
School 2 = Vlan 2
School 3 = Vlan 3
School 4 = Vlan 4
School 5 = Vlan 5
School 6 = Vlan 6
School 7 = Vlan 7
School 8 = Vlan 8
School 9 = Vlan 9
Servers and Printers plug into a port that is a member of each vlan so everyone can get to them but vlan1 wont see vlan2 traffic
it would indeed make sense to put each physical location (school site) in a separate VLAN.
In order for the VLAN traffic to see each other, you need to have trunking and Layer 3 switching implemented (if you already have that, can you say which device you are using, and what the configuration of that device looks like ?)...
We will be starting fresh with Cisco Catalyst 3750 Series switches in 8 of the buildings the 9th already has Catalyst 2950 Series switches with no Vlans setup...
perfect, the 3750 supports inter-VLAN routing. Basically what you need to do is set up the VLAN interfaces on the 3750 as following (the IP addresses are likely not the ones used by you, but you get the idea):
ip address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0
ip address 192.168.2.1 255.255.255.0
and so forth, and then connect the 2950 switches through a trunk. Be aware that the 2950 supports 802.1Q trunking only, so the configuration should look like this (this is the same for all connections):
switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
switchport mode trunk
switchport mode trunk
In addition, configure your 3750 switch as the VTP server for your VTP domain. So, on your 3750 you need to configure:
3750(config)#vtp domain SCHOOLS
and on the 2950 switches:
2950(config)#vtp mode client
2950(config)#vtp domain SCHOOLS
The default VTP mode for the 3750 is actually server, so you do not need to explicitly configure that. Be aware that the VTP name is case-sensitive...
In addition, it is a good idea, especially in your scenario, to turn on VTP pruning, which basically is way to save bandwidth on your trunks by only allowing the VLANs on the trunks that are actually needed on the remote switches:
And last but not least, make sure that your 3750 is the root switch for all your VLAN spanning-trees:
3750(config)#spanning-tree vlan 1 root primary
3750(config)#spanning-tree vlan 2 root primary
and so forth for all the VLANs.
On the 2950 switches, all you have to do is assign the ports to specific VLANs, you can use the ´interface range´ command to apply the same configuration to all ports at the same time (which saves time, and is less error prone):
2950(config)#interface range FastEthernet0/1 - 24
2950(config-intf-range)#switchport access vlan 2
That is pretty much it, once you get to the actual implementation, if you have trouble, come back to this post and let me know what you are running into...
Hey Georg, I received a little more information today The switches should physically be here by Wednesday of this week
Each School 1-8 will be getting three 3750 48 10/100/1000 + 4 SFP Standard Multilayer switches The 9th School will use an existing C3550-12G [C3550 Software (C3550-I5Q3L2-M), Version 12.1(12c)EA1] for the ring then it has 11 2950 hanging off it
So our fiber ring through the district will be 8 3750s and one 3550 they are connected by single mode fiber the longest run is about 6.4 km
I have a few more questions
1. Are these switches capable of inter-vlan routing or will I need a router to do this
2. When I set up the VTP server do I only need server mode on one switch then the rest need to be in client mode
3. Spanning-tree will this be set only on one 3750 or do I need to have it set on all switches
Thank you for all your help!!!
the 3750 and the 3550 switches can do inter-VLAN routing, the 2950s cannot. So, in any case, you do not need a router.
Regarding your physical setup: it might be a good idea to set up one of the 3750 switches as a central switch, and to have all school sites connect to that one central switch, rather than have all the switches daisy-chained to one another. The advantage of that would be that you could set up your inter-VLAN routing on that central switch, and also designate that central switch as VTP server. Indeed you only need one VTP server, all the other switches should be VTP clients.
Regarding spanning-tree: leave it on (which is the default) on all switches, there is no real advantage to turning it off, and not having it run might cause trouble in the future.