It will come with the latest CME version if you order it Cisco direct. If you get it through a Cisco partner, they may get it eitehr Cisco direct or distribution and if you get their professional services, they will get it upgraded to the latest and greatest CME version.
The firmware files do come in flash, but if you have a particular phone firmware that you need, you can always download it from CCO Software downloads.
There is no license enforcement in CME, but you have to buy a license per phone. The part number is SW-CCME-UL-79XX. Where XX can be 60,40,61,71,70,11,12,05,02 etc depending on the type of phone you buy.
Are you getting this error “Installer User Interface Mode Not Supported. The installer cannot run in this UI mode. To specify the interface mode, use the -i command-line option, followed by the UI mode identifier. The value UI mode identifiers...
The below trick might come handy when you have to add a new node to a cluster but you don't have or is unsure of the security password for the publisher. This procedure has been around for ages.
1) Login into the CLI of the Publisher.