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2960x stacking confusion

Hi all,

I am getting confused in understanding 2960x stacking

1) What is meant by a ring ? i mean if i connect 2 switches together with a single stack cable, will that be a ring ? or half ring ?

2) How 80 gbps stacking bandwidth is calculated ?                  

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2960x stacking confusion

1) What is meant by a ring ? i mean if i connect 2 switches together with a single stack cable, will that be a ring ? or half ring ?

Half. 

2960x stacking confusion

Under the product at Cisco.com there is a paper on stacking:

Cisco Catalyst 2960-S, 2960-X, and 2960-XR Stacking with FlexStack and FlexStack-Plus Technology: Description, Usage, and Best Practices

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/prod/collateral/switches/ps5718/ps12995/white_paper_c11-728327.html

A single FlexStack connection between two 2960 stack members is a full-duplex 10Gbps connection. A single FlexStack-Plus connection between two 2960-X members is full-duplex 20Gbps. Each Cisco Catalyst 2960-S and 2960-X and 2960-XR member supports two FlexStack connections, which doubles the line rate. Each FlexStack member can simultaneously send and receive Ethernet traffic over both stack links at line rate, effectively giving 40Gbps of stack bandwidth per 2960-X member and 20Gbs of stack bandwidth per 2960-S member. When two or more 2960-X members are stacked together, the effective stack bandwidth is 80Gpbs because each member is capable of sending and receiving 40Gbps simultaneously. Same for 2960-S, the effective stack bandwidth is 40Gbps because multiple members are sending and receiving 20Gbps simultaneously. (See Table 1.)

Table 1. Comparison of FlexStack-Plus, FlexStack and StackWise-480

Stacking Item

C2960-X

C2960-XR

C2960-S

3850

Bidirectional stack bandwidth

80Gbps

80Gbps

40Gbps

480Gbps

Hot-swappable stack module

Yes

Yes

Yes

No (built-in)

Max stack members

8

8

4

9

Supports FlexStack

Yes

No

Yes

No

Supports FlexStack-Plus

Yes

Yes

No

No

So because each cable can send 20 Gbps in each direction that is 20*2*2 = 80 Gbps in total. Marketing speak, I know

FlexStack Cabling

Special cables are used to connect Cisco Catalyst 2960 Series Switches together in a stack. These special FlexStack cables can only be used to stack Cisco Catalyst 2960 switches with other Cisco Catalyst 2960 switches that support FlexStack. Figure 4 shows a picture of two FlexStack cables connected to a fully inserted FlexStack module. Notice how the tabs on the cables are on opposite sides of each other. The FlexStack cables are keyed as well. Besides the tabs needing to be away from each other, the keying of the metal portion of the connector prevents the cable from being connected incorrectly.

Figure 4. FlexStack Module with Cables

When each member in the stack has two operational FlexStack links, then the stack is operating in a fully redundant mode. The dual FlexStack connections from each member to two other members are what provide the redundancy. Should any single FlexStack connection break or cease to operate, then the switches in the stack will use the remaining FlexStack connection that is provided.

Deployment Topologies

Figure 5 shows a three-member stack with full bandwidth and with redundant FlexStack connections.

Figure 5. Fully Redundant Three-Member Stack

When one FlexStack link is not present, the stack still functions. Figure 6 shows a stack with incomplete FlexStack cabling. In Figure 6, all data traffic passes through the middle member. This stack is operating in a nonredundant mode. This stack provides only half of the possible bandwidth between members and does not have redundant connections. Only the middle member has full stack bandwidth. The top and bottom members are operating at half the fully redundant stack bandwidth. The fully redundant stack bandwidth for 2960-X and 2960-XR is 40Gbps per member. The fully redundant stack bandwidth for 2960-S is 20Gbps per member.

Figure 6. Nonredundant Three-Member Stack

As you can see in the picture above there can only be 20 Gbps per direction sent because there is one cable missing to complete the ring. The middle switch is also a single point of failure.

Daniel Dib
CCIE #37149

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Daniel Dib CCIE #37149 Please rate helpful posts.
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