Hi all, when I see my pc's on the network broadcasting on say 10.1.1.255 on ethereal, what exactly are they looking for, and when sending it on the broadcast address, are pc's etc designed to reply to this ?
Most likely it is a ARP request where machines are trying to get info of other host so that it can send the traffic.
ARP is used in four cases of two hosts communicating:
1. When two hosts are on the same network and one desires to send a packet to the other
2. When two hosts are on different networks and must use a gateway/router to reach the other host.
3. When a router needs to forward a packet for one host through another router.
4. When a router needs to forward a packet from one host to the destination host on the same network.
The first case is used when two hosts are on the same physical network (that is, they can directly communicate without going through a router). The last three cases are the most used over the Internet as two computers on the internet are typically separated by more than 3 hops.
You say the target address is 10.1.1.255, so it is a subnet broadcast. These are not ARP requests. They are most likely to be broadcasts for Network Neighborhood discovery etc. Are they UDP/135, UDP/137 perhaps, or port 445? If so, they are Micro$oft stuff.
This document gives several answers on frequently asked questions for PFRv3 channel state behavior.
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