the 802.3ac standard, that is, the addition of the four octets after the source MAC address. Their presence is indicated by a particular value of the EtherType field (called TPID), which has been fixed to be equal to 0x8100. When a frame has the EtherType equal to 0x8100, this frame carries the tag IEEE 802.1Q/802.1p. The tag is stored in the following two octets and it contains 3 bits of user priority, 1 bit of Canonical Format Identifier (CFI), and 12 bits of VLAN ID (VID). The 3 bits of user priority are used by the 802.1p standard; the CFI is used for compatibility reasons between Ethernet-type networks and Token Ring-type networks. The VID is the identification of the VLAN, which is basically used by the 802.1Q standard; being on 12 bits, it allows the identification of 4096 VLANs.
So, if i understood correctly, 802.3ac is a scheme for the ethernet frame, that places an additional 4 bytes after src MAC, for VLAN tagging and priority purposes (that takes the ethernet frame size from 1518 bytes to 1522). Cisco respects that standard (IEEE 802.3ac) by implementing the mechanism mentionned above, which includes either 802.1q information and 802.1p information.
[toc:faq]The ProblemOn traditional switches whenever we have a trunk
interface we use the VLAN tag to demultiplex the VLANs. The switch needs
to determine which MAC Address table to look in for a forwarding
decision. To do this we require the switch to do...
[toc:faq]Introduction:Netdr is a tool available on a RSP720, Sup720 or
Sup32 that allows one to capture packets on the RP or SP inband. The
netdr command can be used to capture both Tx and Rx packets in the
software switching path. This is not a substitut...
IntroductionOSPF, being a link-state protocol, allows for every router
in the network to know of every link and OSPF speaker in the entire
network. From this picture each router independently runs the Shortest
Path First (SPF) algorithm to determine the b...