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New Member

encapsulation

Hi all, can anyone tell me about typical encapsulation, say ppp, does it only encapsualtion the ip header and data within the ethernet frame, or does it encapsulate the ethernet frame ?

4 REPLIES
New Member

Re: encapsulation

PPP encapsulation is defined in RFC 1661; please check that for all the information

Re: encapsulation

Hi Carl,

The router adds the appropriate layer 2 header to encapsulate the IP packet before it is sent out of the appropriate interface according to the encapsulation of the outgoing interface with no relation to the input interface (if the routers is running CEF the adjacency table should be responsible about this).

Cisco-2821#sh adjacency detail

Protocol Interface Address

IP Serial0/1/0 point2point(7)

0 packets, 0 bytes

FF030021

CEF expires: 00:02:39

refresh: 00:00:39

Epoch: 0

IP GigabitEthernet0/0 192.168.99.1(9)

28 packets, 3555 bytes

000D28C783750019E771F5F80800

ARP 04:02:22

Epoch: 0

IP GigabitEthernet0/1 192.168.13.2(5)

0 packets, 0 bytes

00055E124F820019E771F5F90800

ARP 00:52:40

Epoch: 0

HTH,

Mohammed Mahmoud.

Re: encapsulation

Hi, carl

Normally ppp only encapsulate Layer3 packets (like ip packets). Unless you are doing some advanced feature like l2tpv3 tunnel, ppp won't encapsulte the whole ethernet frames because they are in the same layer.

HTH

SSLIN

New Member

Re: encapsulation

so over ppp serial link, what is the frame type changed too ? is the layer 2 properties now a ppp frame and not ethernet ?

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