There are lots of thread discussing about this, you should do a search before creating a new post.
Anyway, this is how you approach these types of flapping:
1. Is the the given MAC flapping in the log flapping only 1 time or you see it multiple times over a reasonobly short time?
If you see it only once or once every 2-3 hours this might be not an issue worth being investigated. Sporadic one time flapping are expected in L2 broadcast domain.
If you see it often continue to step 2.
2. Identify and locate the flapping mac in vlan 42: 0019.07e4.0c00 Is the mac of a dual-homes server using some kind of load balancing algorithm (active/active) for which the same address is used from both NICs?
If yes, the message is not and issue but just an indication. Fix this type of LB (make it active/standby or make sure the server uses 2 different mac addresses, one per NIC) or if it is not possible leave it like this.
3. Is the MAC a the wireless NIC of a PC?
Make sure that the user was not moving from one AP to another (flapping is normal in this case)
4. If all previous answers are no start checking STP in vlan 42. Do you see an increasing number of TCNs > type
show spanning-tree vlan 42 detail MULTIPLE TIMES and look for topology changes number
VLAN000x is executing the rstp compatible Spanning Tree protocol
Bridge Identifier has priority 32768, sysid 5, address xxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Configured hello time 2, max age 20, forward delay 15, transmit hold-count 6
We are the root of the spanning tree
Topology change flag not set, detected flag not set
Number of topology changes 1 last change occurred 3w0d ago <<<<<<<
See if you have increasing TCN's and check if they are coming from the same interface.
From this point on you keep on troubleshooting STP until you find the offending link (likely going up and down) or the switch. You also need to check if STP in vlan 42 is coherent with the actual L2 topology you have.
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