so, do will a vlan stop my switch forwarding to mac addresses between vlans?, does the switch only allow mac addresses to communicate if they are on the same vlan, and will only forward between vlans at layer 3 ?
1.Will a vlan stop my switch forwarding to mac addresses between vlans?
Yes. A switch will not allow any communication between the VLANs unless there is an involvement of L-3 device.
2. the switch only allow mac addresses to communicate if they are on the same vlan, and will only forward between vlans at layer 3 ?
All the communications between two hosts (MAC Addresses at the L-2) will take place only if both of them are on same VLAN. However if the Switch is an L-3 Switch or if there is a router involved (using Trunk) then the Router or the L-3 engine will Route-Switch the packet.
You need a layer3 device to route between vlans. You can think that the vlan functions will separate the switch to be many logical switches. Switch will forward frames within the vlan. We use vlan to separate broadcast domain and to apply security policies.
Hi everyone, I would like to thank you in advance for any help you can provide a newcomer like myself!
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