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Routing Problem

Hi,

i hav got Cisco PIX, one of my interface ip address on this is 172.16.0.254, this pix is connected to the core switch which is 3COM switch layer 3, it has got 2 ip address 172.16.0.100 & 192.168.200.1.

i had given route to reach 192.168.200.0/24 via 172.16.0.100, with this PIX could able to ping 192.168.200.1, which is nothing but the ip address of 3COM switch.

route inside 192.168.200.0 255.255.255.0 172.16.0.100

3COM default gateway IP address is 172.16.0.254

my PC ip address is 172.16.0.82, gateway is 172.16.0.254, with this i can't ping 192.168.200.1, where as if i set my gateway ip address as 172.16.0.100, i could able to ping, no access-list nothing configured on 3COM as well as on Cisco PIX for 172.16.0.0 & 192.168.200.0 network.

my question is, if PIX could able to reach 192.168.200.1, then why not my PC which is having the PIX ip address as gateway couldn't reach?

9 REPLIES

Re: Routing Problem

Hi

Here what i think is the normal behaviuor.The ip address 172.16.0.100 and 192.168.200.1 will be directly connected on the 3 com switch.Any uknown traffic will be forwarded to the PIX.

As ur 3 com will be routing between the two subnets.

Thanks

Mahmood

Re: Routing Problem

Hi Mahmood,

but when PIX is able to reach the 192.168.200.1, why not the PC which is having the gateway IP address of PIX can't reach 192.168.200.1?

any more suggestions, mahmood i am not clear with your answer, it doesn't contain anything value points on to it.

Re: Routing Problem

Hello there,

The issue here is to do with ICMP.

When your pc sends out a ping to 192.168.200.1 it realises that it is not on the same subnet and thus sends the request to it's default gateway - in your case - the PIX firewall.

The PIX firewall then recieves the request for 192.168.200.1 and knows that it's beck through the interface it come in on. So what should happen is it will send your PC an ICMP redirect message to tell you where to find the network (via the 3com switch rather than the PIX)

This is an option that needs to be turned on for the PIX.

The better way to do it would be to point the PC's default gateway to the 3com switch. Then you should have no problems!

Hope this helps,

LH

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Re: Routing Problem

3COM switch has got 2 ip address,

172.16.0.100

192.168.200.1

default gateway ip address is 172.16.0.254

----------------------------------------------

PIX IP address 172.16.0.254

route inside 192.168.200.0 255.255.255.0 172.168.0.100

----------------------------------------------

PC ip address 172.16.0.82

gateway ip address is 172.16.0.254. this is what i have set already.

any suggestions?

Re: Routing Problem

this is the message i get in the log on the pix for the above.

Jun 21 11:13:25 172.16.0.254 %PIX-3-106011: Deny inbound (No xlate) icmp src inside:172.16.0.82 dst inside:192.168.200.1 (type 8, code 0

Re: Routing Problem

Hi there,

The problem here is the icmp redirect on the PIX.

The easiest way to sort this is to make the default gateway of your PC the 3com switch (172.16.0.100) - try that and let me know how it goes!

LH

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Re: Routing Problem

hey,

as i mentioned in the previous post, if i set 172.16.0.100 as the gateway to my PC, it works fine, only if i set the PIX(172.16.0.254) as a gateway to the PC it is not working.

my question again is, if PIX could able to reach 192.168.200.1, then why not my pc having gateway ip address as PIX is not able to ping.

Re: Routing Problem

Hello,

The problem is to do with icmp redirecting on the PIX.

The traffic flow will not go in nto the PIX and then out from the PIX back out of the same interface it came in on to the 3COM switch.

The PIX will send your PC an icmp redirect message and your PC will send the traffic straight to the 3COM switch.

On the 3COM switch, the imcp redirect will be on by default. On the PIX icmp redirects are turned off for security reasons.

Have a look at this question (at the bottom) on this page:-

Q. Can I operate the PIX in a "one armed" configuration?

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/hw/vpndevc/ps2030/products_qanda_item09186a0080094874.shtml

Have a look here for more information on icmp:-

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/tk365/technologies_tech_note09186a0080094702.shtml

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ICMP_Redirect_Message

Hope that helps!

LH

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Re: Routing Problem

Oh no,

the explanation for what exactly i am looking for is really superb "Q. Can I operate the PIX in a "one armed" configuration? " & i do agree with that, but ultimately now i need to rely on 3COM not on Pix to set as a gateway.

any how thanks for the link providing.

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