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New Member

Switches configuration (2 x 3560X 24, 3 x 2960S 48)

Hi Everyone,

I'm currently configuring switches mentioned in the title and need some advice on the conifguration. The network consists of two core switches (Catalyst 3560X 24) and three access switches (Catalyst 2960S 48). Core switch 1 is the gateway for all devices on the network. There are two vlans: 340 for data traffic and 341 for voice traffic. Core switch 1 will host servers from vlan 340 and core switch 2 from vlan 341. There is one DHCP server for both vlans as configured in the vlan interfaces however there are two different gateways for those same vlans. My question is whether the ip helper-address and ip route commands are used correctly.

Best regards,

Marcin

CORE SWITCH 1

CoreSwitch1#show conf

Using 6338 out of 524288 bytes

!

version 12.2

no service pad

service timestamps debug datetime msec

service timestamps log datetime msec

service password-encryption

!

hostname CoreSwitch1

!

boot-start-marker

boot-end-marker

!

enable secret 5 ****

!

username admin privilege 15 secret 5 ****

!

!

no aaa new-model

system mtu routing 1500

ip routing

!

!

ip domain-name antenna.cisco

!

!

crypto pki trustpoint TP-self-signed-3930416384

enrollment selfsigned

subject-name cn=IOS-Self-Signed-Certificate-3930416384

revocation-check none

rsakeypair TP-self-signed-3930416384

!

!

crypto pki certificate chain TP-self-signed-3930416384

certificate self-signed 01 nvram:IOS-Self-Sig#3435.cer

!

spanning-tree mode rapid-pvst

spanning-tree extend system-id

spanning-tree vlan 340 priority 24576

spanning-tree vlan 341 priority 28672

!

!

!

!

vlan internal allocation policy ascending

!

ip ssh time-out 60

ip ssh authentication-retries 2

!

!

!

interface Port-channel1

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

!

interface Port-channel2

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

!

interface Port-channel3

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

!

interface Port-channel22

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

!

interface FastEthernet0

no ip address

no ip route-cache cef

no ip route-cache

no ip mroute-cache

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/1

switchport access vlan 340

switchport mode access

spanning-tree portfast

............

interface GigabitEthernet0/14

switchport access vlan 340

switchport mode access

spanning-tree portfast

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/15

description LINK_TO_CORE_SWITCH_2

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

speed 1000

duplex full

channel-group 22 mode desirable

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/16

description LINK_TO_CORE_SWITCH_2

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

speed 1000

duplex full

channel-group 22 mode desirable

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/17

description LINK_TO_CORE_SWITCH_2

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

speed 1000

duplex full

channel-group 22 mode desirable

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/18

description LINK_TO_CORE_SWITCH_2

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

speed 1000

duplex full

channel-group 22 mode desirable

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/19

description LINK_TO_ACCESS_SWITCH_3

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

speed 1000

duplex full

channel-group 3 mode desirable

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/20

description LINK_TO_ACCESS_SWITCH_3

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

speed 1000

duplex full

channel-group 3 mode desirable

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/21

description LINK_TO_ACCESS_SWITCH_2

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

speed 1000

duplex full

channel-group 2 mode desirable

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/22

description LINK_TO_ACCESS_SWITCH_2

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

speed 1000

duplex full

channel-group 2 mode desirable

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/23

description LINK_TO_ACCESS_SWITCH_1

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

speed 1000

duplex full

channel-group 1 mode desirable

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/24

description LINK_TO_ACCESS_SWITCH_1

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

speed 1000

duplex full

channel-group 1 mode desirable

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/1

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/2

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/3

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/4

!

interface TenGigabitEthernet1/1

!

interface TenGigabitEthernet1/2

!

interface Vlan1

no ip address

no ip mroute-cache

!

interface Vlan340

ip address 172.16.34.1 255.255.255.0

ip helper-address 172.16.34.25

no ip mroute-cache

!

interface Vlan341

ip address 172.16.35.1 255.255.255.0

ip helper-address 172.16.34.25

no ip mroute-cache

!

ip classless

ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 172.16.35.252

ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 172.16.34.21

!

ip http server

ip http secure-server

!

!

!

banner login ^C

**********************************************************

          This is a restricted system

         No unauthorised access allowed

**********************************************************

^C

!

line con 0

password 7 ****

logging synchronous

login local

line vty 0 4

password 7 ****

logging synchronous

login local

transport input ssh

line vty 5 15

password 7 ****

logging synchronous

login local

transport input ssh

!

end

CORE SWITCH 2

CoreSwitch2#show conf

Using 6247 out of 524288 bytes

!

version 12.2

no service pad

service timestamps debug datetime msec

service timestamps log datetime msec

service password-encryption

!

hostname CoreSwitch2

!

boot-start-marker

boot-end-marker

!

enable secret 5 ****

!

username admin privilege 15 secret 5 ****

!

!

no aaa new-model

system mtu routing 1500

ip routing

!

!

ip domain-name antenna.local

!

!

crypto pki trustpoint TP-self-signed-3930416384

enrollment selfsigned

subject-name cn=IOS-Self-Signed-Certificate-3930416384

revocation-check none

rsakeypair TP-self-signed-3930416384

!

!

!

spanning-tree mode rapid-pvst

spanning-tree extend system-id

spanning-tree vlan 340 priority 28672

spanning-tree vlan 341 priority 24576

!

!

!

!

vlan internal allocation policy ascending

!

ip ssh time-out 60

ip ssh authentication-retries 2

!

!

!

interface Port-channel1

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

!

interface Port-channel2

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

!

interface Port-channel3

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

!

interface Port-channel11

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

!

interface FastEthernet0

no ip address

no ip route-cache cef

no ip route-cache

no ip mroute-cache

shutdown

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/1

switchport access vlan 341

switchport mode access

spanning-tree portfast

!

.............

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/14

switchport access vlan 341

switchport mode access

spanning-tree portfast

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/15

description LINK_TO_CORE_SWITCH_1

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

speed 1000

duplex full

channel-group 11 mode desirable

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/16

description LINK_TO_CORE_SWITCH_1

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

speed 1000

duplex full

channel-group 11 mode desirable

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/17

description LINK_TO_CORE_SWITCH_1

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

speed 1000

duplex full

channel-group 11 mode desirable

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/18

description LINK_TO_CORE_SWITCH_1

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

speed 1000

duplex full

channel-group 11 mode desirable

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/19

description LINK_TO_ACCESS_SWITCH_3

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

speed 1000

duplex full

channel-group 3 mode desirable

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/20

description LINK_TO_ACCESS_SWITCH_3

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

speed 1000

duplex full

channel-group 3 mode desirable

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/21

description LINK_TO_ACCESS_SWITCH_2

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

speed 1000

duplex full

channel-group 2 mode desirable

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/22

description LINK_TO_ACCESS_SWITCH_2

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

speed 1000

duplex full

channel-group 2 mode desirable

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/23

description LINK_TO_ACCESS_SWITCH_1

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

speed 1000

duplex full

channel-group 1 mode desirable

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/24

description LINK_TO_ACCESS_SWITCH_1

switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

speed 1000

duplex full

channel-group 1 mode desirable

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/1

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/2

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/3

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/4

!

interface TenGigabitEthernet1/1

!

interface TenGigabitEthernet1/2

!

interface Vlan1

no ip address

no ip mroute-cache

shutdown

!

interface Vlan340

ip address 172.16.34.2 255.255.255.0

ip helper-address 172.16.34.25

no ip mroute-cache

!

interface Vlan341

ip address 172.16.35.2 255.255.255.0

ip helper-address 172.16.34.25

no ip mroute-cache

!

ip classless

ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 172.16.35.252

ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 172.16.34.21

!

ip http server

ip http secure-server

!

!

!

banner login ^C

**********************************************************

          This is a restricted system

         No unauthorised access allowed

**********************************************************

^C

!

line con 0

password 7 ****

logging synchronous

login local

line vty 0 4

password 7 ****

logging synchronous

login local

transport input ssh

line vty 5 15

password 7 ****

logging synchronous

login local

transport input ssh

!

end

CoreSwitch2#

ACCESS SWITCH 1

AccessSwitch1#show conf

Using 10196 out of 524288 bytes

!

version 12.2

no service pad

service timestamps debug datetime msec

service timestamps log datetime msec

no service password-encryption

!

hostname AccessSwitch1

!

boot-start-marker

boot-end-marker

!

enable secret 5 ****

!

username admin privilege 15 secret 5 ****

!

!

no aaa new-model

switch 1 provision ws-c2960s-48lps-l

!

!

ip domain-name antenna.local

!

!

crypto pki trustpoint TP-self-signed-59782272

enrollment selfsigned

subject-name cn=IOS-Self-Signed-Certificate-59782272

revocation-check none

rsakeypair TP-self-signed-59782272

!

!

crypto pki certificate chain TP-self-signed-59782272

certificate self-signed 01 nvram:IOS-Self-Sig#3233.cer

!

spanning-tree mode rapid-pvst

spanning-tree extend system-id

!

!

!

!

vlan internal allocation policy ascending

!

ip ssh time-out 60

ip ssh authentication-retries 2

!

!

interface Port-channel1

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

!

interface Port-channel2

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

!

interface FastEthernet0

no ip address

shutdown

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1

switchport access vlan 340

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

switchport voice vlan 341

spanning-tree portfast

!

............

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/44

switchport access vlan 340

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

switchport voice vlan 341

spanning-tree portfast

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/45

description LINK_TO_CORE_SWITCH_2

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

speed 1000

duplex full

channel-group 2 mode desirable

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/46

description LINK_TO_CORE_SWITCH_2

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

speed 1000

duplex full

channel-group 2 mode desirable

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/47

description LINK_TO_CORE_SWITCH_1

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

speed 1000

duplex full

channel-group 1 mode desirable

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/48

description LINK_TO_CORE_SWITCH_1

switchport trunk native vlan 340

switchport mode trunk

speed 1000

duplex full

channel-group 1 mode desirable

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/49

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/50

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/51

!

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/52

!

interface Vlan1

no ip address

shutdown

!

interface Vlan340

ip address 172.16.34.3 255.255.255.0

no ip route-cache

!

interface Vlan341

ip address 172.16.35.3 255.255.255.0

no ip route-cache

!

ip http server

ip http secure-server

banner login ^C

**********************************************************

          This is a restricted system

         No unauthorised access allowed

**********************************************************

^C

!

line con 0

password 7 ****

logging synchronous

login local

line vty 0 4

password 7 ****

logging synchronous

login local

transport input ssh

line vty 5 15

password 7 ****

logging synchronous

login local

transport input ssh

!

end

  • LAN Switching and Routing
Everyone's tags (2)
2 REPLIES
VIP Super Bronze

Switches configuration (2 x 3560X 24, 3 x 2960S 48)

Hi,

Your DHCP config is correct, however you don't need 2 default routes, you just need one.

ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 172.16.35.252

Also, are you planning to manage your devices via vlan 340 or 341?  It is usually a good practice to have a separate vlan for management and not use your data or voice vlan.  If you decide to add a management vlan, change the default route to use that subnet.

HTH

New Member

Switches configuration (2 x 3560X 24, 3 x 2960S 48)

Hi Reza Sharifi,

Thank you for prompt reply.

I've just realized I didn't explain the whole situation with default routes well enough.

The reason I added two default routes is because traffic from devices on the vlan 340 (172.16.34.0) will have their default gateway set to Core Switch 1 (172.16.34.1) and then the traffic needs to be redirected to a gateway with IP address of 172.16.34.21.

As for the vlan 341 (172.16.35.0) the default gateway for the devices will be Core Switch 1 as well but with the vlan 341 address. (172.16.35.1). Then the traffic needs to go to 172.16.35.252.

If I leave only one default route as specified how will the switch know to redirect traffic for vlan 340 to the ip address 172.16.34.21 ?

I hope I didn't make it too confusing.

Best regards,

Marcin

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