VPLS evolved as a logical extension of Ethernet over MPLS (EoMPLS), which was developed to enable point-to-point Ethernet-based L2 VPN services.
Ethernet over MPLS (EoMPLS) is the transport of Ethernet frames across an MPLS core. It transports all frames received on a particular Ethernet or virtual LAN (VLAN) segment, regardless of the destination Media Access Control (MAC) information. It does not perform MAC learning or MAC look up for forwarding packets from the Ethernet interface.
VPLS can be defined as a group of Virtual Switch Instances (VSIs) that are interconnected using EoMPLS circuits in a full mesh topology to form a single, logical bridge. In concept, a VSI is similar to the bridging function found in IEEE 802.1q bridges in that a frame is switched based upon the destination MAC and membership in a Layer 2 VPN (a virtual LAN or VLAN). If the destination address is unknown, or is a broadcast or multicast address, the frame is flooded to all ports associated with the VSI, where a port, in the context of VPLS, is an EoMPLS VC pseudowire.
refer the following documents for detailed information.
Question: Have the phone connected and can ring out-but no sound coming from the handset - analog home phone - phone makes connection and pick up at the other end is ok. Can you help?
Question: Have the phone connected and can ring out-but no sound coming from the handset - analog home phone - phone makes connection and pick up at the other end is ok. Can you help?Answer
iPXE boot in ASR9K
This document applies to NCS5500 and ASR9000 routers and has been verified as such.
traditional ECMP or equal cost multipath loadbalances traffic over a number of available paths towards a destination. When one path fails, the traffic gets r...