Could you please explain me how does a VPN label specify in MPLS VPNv4 by egress PE router and progagate to ingress PE router through MP-BGP? is there any documentation which is explained in detail?
I just know egress PE router sends a label to ingress PE router through MP-BGP and that label put on the stack label by ingress PE router but i don't know the procedure of producing this label and any mapping between RT and that label.
there is no mapping between the RT and the label. An RT can be the same for many routes in a VPN, but each route will have a specific VPN label.
Whenever there is an IP routing table entry (exception BGP in global IP routing) a LSR will take an unused label and assign it to it. There is no difference whether this is an entry in global routing or in a VRF - except for BGP entries in the global IP routing table.
The label is sent for all VRF learned customer routes through MBGP updates. The label is attached as an extended community. So each PE will learn the VPN label together with the BGP update, in fact as part of it.
When the packet reaches the egress PE router, it will do a FIB lookup on that label, which will tell it to pop this packet and also what VRF to associate with. Since the egress OE was the one that provided this label in the first place, it knows exactly how to deal with packets carrying this label.
The above is an entry on the egress PE router. In this case, the inner label will be 284. This router will see an inner label (in fact, this will be the outer label with PHP in operation) and will do this FIB lookup which will tell it a few things:
1. The label needs to be popped since the outgoing packet is supposed to untagged.
2. The packet needs to be sent out through interface atm2/0.20048
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