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Experience the Installation of a Cisco 4507R+E with Redundant Supervisor Engines (WS-X45-SUP7L-E) and much more

This technical document has been reproduced with the permission of www.Firewall.cx.

Firewall.cx is world's only official Cisco Press reviewer partner and is officially recommended by the Cisco Network  Academy. With over 900  articles covering general networking concepts, protocol analysis, network security, Cisco Switching, VPN networks, Routers, Firewalls, Voice over IP (CallManager, CallManager Express), Wireless and other complex Cisco technologies,  it’s one of the most recognised, reliable and up-to-date sources of information on the Internet. Cisco Systems CCIE and CCNP engineers frequently contribute to Firewall.cx as expert guest writers.

The Cisco Catalyst 4507R+E Switch

cisco-switches-4507re-ws-x45-sup7l-e-2 It's no news that we here at Firewall.cx enjoy writing about our installations of Cisco equipment and especially  devices that we don’t get to see and play with every day. Today we  cover the installation of a new Cisco 4507R+E Catalyst switch populated with two 7L-E Supervisor engines, three WS-X4648-RJ45V+E 48 Gigabit PoE line cards and two 4200Watt power supplies with the ability to cover full future PoE requirements of the switch, when fully populated with PoE line cards.

Many might be aware of our first 4507R article that covered the installation of a Cisco Catalyst 4507R-E switch.  Since then, Cisco has replaced the 4507R-E with the newer 4507R+E chassis and introduced new Supervisor Engines. The difference between the two chassis is that the 4507R-E supports up to 24Gbps bandwidth per slot, whereas the newer 4507R+E supports up to 48Gbps per slot, bringing the chassis up to date with the new market trends and high-connectivity speed requirements of enterprise companies.

To make things more interesting, we ensured we captured as many pictures as possible from our 4507R+E switch installation so that our readers can familiarise themselves with it as much as possible.

After unpacking and looking  at the back of the switch chassis we noticed that not much has changed  except that its label now mentions 4500+E Series, indicating that it is the newer +E series. On the front side, the fan tray manages to give away that this is the newer series as it too is labelled Catalyst 4507R+E.  Apart from these minor cosmetic changes the switch looks exactly the same as its predecessor.

The picture below shows the back of the  Cisco 4507R+E chassis. The dual power supplies are positioned at the top  part of the switch and the specially designed grid allows adequate air  to be pumped through the power supplies and out the back, with the help  of the massive power supply fans.  The fans used are extremely high  quality with very little friction – when during our test run, we  switched off the power supplies, the fans continued to spin for at least  another 20 seconds before coming to a complete stop:

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Mounting a Catalyst 4500  into a rack can be a daunting experience, mainly due to its weight. When  fully populated, the switch can weigh up to 55 Kgs and requires at  least two people to safely pick up and place the switch into the rack,  then you’d need one more person to tighten the necessary screws to keep  it inside the rack!

We also found it necessary for the rack to have adequate  spacing above and below the area where the switch is to be placed,  because it’s very difficult to keep the switch steady during  installation because of its weight. In addition, it is imperative the  rack’s side covers can be removed so the two handles on the switch (one  on each side) are accessible.

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To overcome the problem of  installing the heavy switch, we decided to remove both power supplies  and all cards from the chassis. The empty chassis made things much  easier.

Revealing The Magnificent Cisco 4507R+E Backplane

As we begun to slowly remove the switch’s power supplies, line cards  and Supervisor Engines, we had a clear view of the spectacular 4507R  backplane! The backplane is the switch’s ‘spine’, responsible of  interconnecting all components together. Naturally, we had to capture  this moment and here it is in all its glory:

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We should note that extreme  caution must be given when removing and inserting the 4507 cards. The  engineer performing the procedure must be properly grounded and the  cards must be placed on antistatic mats or, even better, inside  antistatic bags. This will help avoid electrostatic discharge that can  possibly damage the line cards or supervisor engines.

After removing all five  cards we had a clear view of the 4507R+E’s backplane – something you  don’t get to see every day. On the left side of the backplane the white  and black sockets caught our attention – these are the connectors for  the line cards and supervisor engines (marked in red). The Supervisor Engine sockets extend to the far right to a total of three sockets per Supervisor Engine:

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Looking to the left, the  strategically placed fan tray is visible, ready to blow cool air into  the chassis and directly on all cards. As shown in our picture the fan  tray consists of two larger fans on the same level as the Supervisor  Engines, and six smaller fans taking care of the cooling for the rest of  the line cards:

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Obviously the most critical cards are the Supervisor Engines, generating most of the heat under intensive workload.


Introducing The WS-X45-SUP7L-E Supervisor Engine

The Supervisor Engine is the heart of every modular Cisco 4500 and 6500 series switch. The Supervisor Engine 7L-E provides a number of enhancements over its predecessor Supervisor Engine 6L-E, making it a primary choice for Enterprise-class networks seeking unprecedented performance. 

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Following are key innovations offered by the Supervisor Engine 7L-E:

  • 520Gbps system performance with 48Gpbs per slot to every line-card slot and 225mpps throughput
  • Dual 10Gigabit Ethernet uplinks (via SFP+ optics) or four Gigabit Ethernet uplinks (via SFP optics)
  • Application visibility through Flexible NetFlow (FNF) supporting  Layer 2/3/4 information and synthetic traffic monitoring with IP SLA
  • Cisco IOS XE Software which provides the ability to host third-party applications
  • Support of 802.3az Energy Efficient Ethernet (EEE) capable line cards
  • First and only modular switch with 8 bidirectional line-rate SPAN/RSPAN sessions
  • Supports up to 244 ports 10/100/1000 in a 7-slot chassis
  • External USB & SD card support for flexible storage options
  • Maximum resiliency with redundant components, Nonstop Forwarding/Stateful Switchover (NSF/SSO), and In-Service Software Upgrade (ISSU) support
  • Full backward compatibility with 6 G, 24 G, and 48 Gbps slot line cards with no performance degradation

Product Datasheet for the Supervisor Engine 7L-E can be found in our Cisco Catalyst 4500-6500 Supervisor Engine download section

Our users can refer to our popular Cisco  Catalyst 4500 Series Zero-Downtime IOS Upgrade Process for Supervisor  Engine 7-E, 7L-E, 6L-E and V-10GE Redundant Configurations article to learn how to upgrade their Supervisor Engine without network service interruption.

Looking to the front left side of the Supervisor Engine, we can see the Status LED, Active SUP LED (on when the Sup. Engine is in active state) and Utilization LEDs. Visible behind the faceplate is the circuitry board and heatsinks attached to the dual-CPUs and other processors.:

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On the right we can see the Console port, Management port and 4 SFP/SFP+ slots providing two 10Gbps or four 1Gbps links! The LEDs below each SFP/SFP+ port will turn on according to the negotiated speed with the other end:

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Looking at the back of the Supervisor Engine 7L-E,  we can see the three connectors that plug directly into the 4507R+E  chassis backplane. The heat sinks fins, covering the dual core CPU and  other processors, are placed in a direction where the air from the fan  tray can provide maximum cooling and heat dissipation:

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The Supervisor Engine 7L-E board is indeed impressive. The picture above shows the Supervisor  Engine almost fully inserted into the 4507R+E chassis. We took this  picture to show how the Supervisor Engine’s connectors perfectly line up  with the 4507R’s backplane sockets:

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Note how the Supervisor  Engine’s processors carrying the large heatsinks are strategically  placed next to the fan tray’s largest fans.

The WS-X4648-RJ45V+E Line Card

The WS-X4648-RJ45V+E line card provides a number of enhanced features designed to bring maximum flexibility and expandability some of which are:

  • 48 ports
  • 10/100/1000 module (RJ-45)
  • Supported from Cisco IOS Software Release 12.2(40)SG or later
  • IEEE 802.3af/at and Cisco prestandard PoE, IEEE 802.3x flow control
  • Bandwidth is allocated across eight 6-port groups, providing 3 Gbps per port group (2:1)
  • L2-4 Jumbo Frame support (up to 9216 bytes)
  • Capable of up to 30 Watts of inline power per port on up to 24 ports simultaneously
  • Enterprise and commercial: designed to power next-generation IP  phones, wireless base stations, video cameras, and other PoE devices
  • Campus and branch applications requiring enhanced performance for large file transfers and network backups

In the photo below, we can see the WS-X4648 main  board with its chipsets, two of which are equipped with large heatsinks.  The white connector at the back provides the connection with the 4507R+E backplane through which the card and its PoE ports are powered, and data traffic is carried to the rest of the system:

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We should note that all 4500 & 6500 series line cards, including  Supervisor Engines, have a metal carrier on the bottom of the board that  covers almost all of the circuit board, making it safe to hold the line  card without touching any circuits:

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Network Administrator Savvas Filippidis gets ready to install a line card

After a careful inspection  of the card it was time to place it into its slot and complete the  physical installation of the 4507R+E switch.  After ensuring the two  module ejector levers (one on each side) were out and away from the  faceplate, we gently lined it up with the two chassis slot guides of our  slot and slowly pushed the line card inwards:

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As soon as the line card’s connector  ‘touched’ the backplane we continued to push it inwards, with a little  more strength this time, and the two module ejector levers automatically  started to fold inwards until the line card was fully in place:

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Cisco 4507R+E 4200Watt Power Supplies

The Cisco 4507R+E supports a number of  different power supply configurations. Depending on how the switch is  intended to be used, it can be populated fully with 48 Gigabit PoE  ports, providing full PoE to all 5 line cards – a total of 240 ports where each line card can draw a maximum of 820 Watts.

Of course, the switch needs the  appropriate power supplies to be able to undertake the load and this is  why it’s always a great idea to purchase large power supplies as you’ll  never need to upgrade them in the future when the switch is fully  populated with PoE line cards.

The whopping 4200Watt power supplies were a considerable weight. To remove them, we had to  loosen the captive installation screws (two for each power supply) and  pull the power supply slowly outwards. Pulling out the power supply did  not require much effort as it came out smoothly with the little force we  used.

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The 4200Watt power supply is the second largest power supply available for the 4500 series and has two IEC60320-C20 connectors (per power supply) to ensure the power drawn from the UPS or power circuit  is evenly split.

We took both power supplies out and took  a picture of them to show both front and back side.  At the back of  each power supply, as expected, we found one long connector, split into  three groups, the middle group containing pins which are barely visible  in the picture:

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Going back to the chassis, all we found  was the power supply connector where the middle pin sockets are easily  seen. In total we counted an impressive 46 connection points between the  power supply and chassis:

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When we initially powered the Cisco  4507R+E switch, after it booted up we found both Supervisor Engine  Status LEDs  orange. After checking Cisco's site to find out more  information, the explanation for the orange LEDs was that the Supervisor  Engine was performing a 'System boot or a diagnostic test is in progress',  however it was not true as the system was fully booted and working. A  careful inspection showed that we had forgotten to switch on the second  4200Watt power supply and the system was running off only one power  supply.  At the time, the power requirements were only around 500Watts  and the system was reporting the second power supply as "bad/off".

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As soon as we switched on the second power supply, the Supervisor Engine LEDs magically turned Green!  While we found no documentation to explain this behavior, we thought it  would be worth mentioning for our readers and engineers preparing to  install a 4500 series switch!

Article Conclusion

Those who have had the luck to physically install and work on a Cisco Catalyst 4507R or any Catalyst 4500 series switch would surely agree that it is a  wonderful experience and impressive piece of equipment. Examining the  design and construction of the chassis, line cards and Supervisor  Engines shows how much thought and work have gone into the product.

Our next article covers the IOS upgrade of the Supervisor engine, health checkup, using the zero downtime IOS upgrade procedure – a necessary and extremely handy procedure that ensures the upgrade of  the IOS Supervisor engines without any service interruption! Read it Now!

For a complete list of our article, readers can visit www.Firewall.cx.

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