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Fixing Partition Backbone Area with Virtual Links

Introduction

Topology Diagram

OSPF_Partition_Backbone.png

Configurations

ASBR1

interface Loopback11

ip address 11.11.11.11 255.255.255.255

!

interface FastEthernet0/0

ip address 192.168.12.1 255.255.255.0

duplex auto

speed auto

!

interface FastEthernet0/1

ip address 201.23.23.1 255.255.255.0

ip ospf network point-to-point

duplex auto

speed auto

!

router ospf 100

router-id 1.1.1.1

log-adjacency-changes

area 3 virtual-link 3.3.3.3

network 11.11.11.11 0.0.0.0 area 0

network 192.168.12.1 0.0.0.0 area 0

network 201.23.23.1 0.0.0.0 area 3

!

Internal_Router1

interface Loopback22

ip address 22.22.22.22 255.255.255.255

!

interface FastEthernet0/0

ip address 192.168.12.2 255.255.255.0

duplex auto

speed auto

!

router ospf 100

router-id 2.2.2.2

log-adjacency-changes

network 22.22.22.22 0.0.0.0 area 1

network 192.168.12.2 0.0.0.0 area 0

ASBR2

interface FastEthernet0/0

ip address 172.16.34.1 255.255.255.0

duplex auto

speed auto

!

interface FastEthernet0/1

ip address 201.23.23.2 255.255.255.0

ip ospf network point-to-point

duplex auto

speed auto

!

router ospf 100

router-id 3.3.3.3

log-adjacency-changes

area 3 virtual-link 1.1.1.1

network 172.16.34.1 0.0.0.0 area 0

network 201.23.23.2 0.0.0.0 area 3

Internal_Router2

interface Loopback44

ip address 44.44.44.44 255.255.255.255

!

interface FastEthernet0/0

ip address 172.16.34.2 255.255.255.0

duplex auto

speed auto

!

router ospf 100

router-id 4.4.4.4

log-adjacency-changes

network 44.44.44.44 0.0.0.0 area 1

network 172.16.34.2 0.0.0.0 area 0

!

Verification Commands

On ASBR1

ASBR1#show ip ospf neighbor

Neighbor ID     Pri   State           Dead Time   Address         Interface

3.3.3.3           0   FULL/  -           -        201.23.23.2     OSPF_VL0

2.2.2.2           1   FULL/BDR        00:00:36    192.168.12.2    FastEthernet0/0

3.3.3.3           0   FULL/  -        00:00:32    201.23.23.2     FastEthernet0/1

ASBR1#show ip ospf database

            OSPF Router with ID (1.1.1.1) (Process ID 100)

                Router Link States (Area 0)

Link ID         ADV Router      Age         Seq#       Checksum Link count

1.1.1.1         1.1.1.1         771         0x8000000A 0x00CF10 3

2.2.2.2         2.2.2.2         383         0x80000007 0x0034F9 1

3.3.3.3         3.3.3.3         1     (DNA) 0x80000006 0x002520 2

4.4.4.4         4.4.4.4         557   (DNA) 0x80000003 0x00341B 1

                Net Link States (Area 0)

Link ID         ADV Router      Age         Seq#       Checksum

172.16.34.1     3.3.3.3         573   (DNA) 0x80000001 0x006DC4

192.168.12.1    1.1.1.1         528         0x80000005 0x00BFEF

                Summary Net Link States (Area 0)

Link ID         ADV Router      Age         Seq#       Checksum

22.22.22.22     2.2.2.2         383         0x80000005 0x005780

44.44.44.44     4.4.4.4         553   (DNA) 0x80000001 0x002B50

201.23.23.0     1.1.1.1         1500        0x80000004 0x001D20

201.23.23.0     3.3.3.3         306   (DNA) 0x80000001 0x00E651

                Router Link States (Area 3)

Link ID         ADV Router      Age         Seq#       Checksum Link count

1.1.1.1         1.1.1.1         773         0x80000009 0x002BE5 2

3.3.3.3         3.3.3.3         881         0x80000009 0x005CAB 2

                Summary Net Link States (Area 3)

Link ID         ADV Router      Age         Seq#       Checksum

11.11.11.11     1.1.1.1         1256        0x80000004 0x007395

22.22.22.22     1.1.1.1         1502        0x80000004 0x00815A

44.44.44.44     3.3.3.3         1369        0x80000005 0x004B2F

172.16.34.0     3.3.3.3         1369        0x80000005 0x003419

192.168.12.0    1.1.1.1         1502        0x80000004 0x003986

On Internal_Router1

Internal_Router1#show ip route

Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP

       D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area

       N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2

       E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2

       i - IS-IS, su - IS-IS summary, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2

       ia - IS-IS inter area, * - candidate default, U - per-user static route

       o - ODR, P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set

C    192.168.12.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0

O IA 201.23.23.0/24 [110/2] via 192.168.12.1, 02:04:30, FastEthernet0/0

     172.16.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets

O       172.16.34.0 [110/3] via 192.168.12.1, 01:54:54, FastEthernet0/0

     22.0.0.0/32 is subnetted, 1 subnets

C       22.22.22.22 is directly connected, Loopback22

    11.0.0.0/32 is subnetted, 1 subnets

O       11.11.11.11 [110/2] via 192.168.12.1, 02:01:48, FastEthernet0/0

     44.0.0.0/32 is subnetted, 1 subnets

O IA    44.44.44.44 [110/4] via 192.168.12.1, 01:54:55, FastEthernet0/0

Internal_Router1#ping 44.44.44.44

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 44.44.44.44, timeout is 2 seconds:

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 1/1/4 ms

On ASBR2

ASBR2#show ip ospf neighbor

Neighbor ID     Pri   State           Dead Time   Address         Interface

1.1.1.1           0   FULL/  -           -        201.23.23.1     OSPF_VL0

4.4.4.4           1   FULL/BDR        00:00:32    172.16.34.2     FastEthernet0/0

1.1.1.1           0   FULL/  -        00:00:38    201.23.23.1     FastEthernet0/1

Internal_Router2#show ip route

Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP

       D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area

       N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2

      E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2

       i - IS-IS, su - IS-IS summary, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2

       ia - IS-IS inter area, * - candidate default, U - per-user static route

       o - ODR, P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set

O    192.168.12.0/24 [110/3] via 172.16.34.1, 01:55:51, FastEthernet0/0

O IA 201.23.23.0/24 [110/2] via 172.16.34.1, 02:06:25, FastEthernet0/0

     172.16.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets

C       172.16.34.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0

     22.0.0.0/32 is subnetted, 1 subnets

O IA    22.22.22.22 [110/4] via 172.16.34.1, 01:55:51, FastEthernet0/0

     11.0.0.0/32 is subnetted, 1 subnets

O       11.11.11.11 [110/3] via 172.16.34.1, 01:55:51, FastEthernet0/0

     44.0.0.0/32 is subnetted, 1 subnets

C       44.44.44.44 is directly connected, Loopback44

On Internal_Router2

Internal_Router2#ping 22.22.22.22

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 22.22.22.22, timeout is 2 seconds:

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 1/2/4 ms

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