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IPv6 OSPF/v3: Case Study

     

    Introduction

    This document is an illustration of Stub, Totally Stub and NSSA area feature in an IPv6 environment. Stub, NSSA, and totally stubby are supported and configured in the exact same way as for OSPFv2 for IPv4, using the area stub, area nssa, and area stub no-summary commands.

     

    In this document, three routers (R1,R2 and R3) are configured with OSPFv3 routing protocol, with router R1 and R3 in Area 0 and R1/R2 in Area 12. Router R3, has three Loopback interfaces and are advertised via OSPFv3. The only exception of Loopback 3, which is redistributed into OSPFv3 routing protocol to make it as an external route. This is done purposely to differentiate between different type of routes received by router R2 under different cisrcumstances. Under Normal conditions, i.e. running OSPFv3 without any of the stub feature all these routes will appear at R2 as below.

     

    R2-Normal.bmp

    Note: route OE2 is external as it was redistributed on R3 as a connected route. See configuration of R3.

     

    All configurations are tested on Cisoc 7200 series router running  Cisco IOS 15.1(3)S3 advance ip services image.

    Prerequisite

    Topology Diagram

    Topology Diag.bmp

    Configuration

    For complete configuration, see attached files (R1, R2 and R3).

    Case Study 1: OSPFv3 Stub Routing

    In Stub routing, the router gets a deafult route and the internal OSPF routes. The external routes are filtered out. Stub feature is configured by command "area x stub" under the OSPFv3 routing configuration mode. It is important to configure both the ends by keyword stub.

    Config-Stub.bmp

    R2-Stub.bmp

    Note: A deafult toute::/0 along with OSPF Internal routes are only received by stub router R2. Prefix AA3::33 is an external route and is filetered out, even though it is reachable.

    Case Study 2: OSPFv3 Totally Stubby Area

    In Totally stubby area, the stub router receieves only the default route and all other (intra, inter, external) are filtered out. The feature can be configured on any one router by command "area x stub no-summary".

     

    Config-Totally Stubby.bmp

    R2-total Stub.bmp

    Note: Stub Router, R2, receives only the default route ::/0.

    Case Study 3: OSPFv3 Not So Stubby Area (NSSA)

    The feature works with command "area x nssa". With NSSA, the routes receives only the Intra and Inter OSPF routes, all other routes (External) are filtered out. For NSSA, the configuration is done at both the ends.

    Config-NSSA.bmp

    R2-NSSA.bmp

    Note: Stub Router R2, is receives only the Intra/Inter OSPF routes.

    References

    Implementing OSPF for IPv6

    Comments
    Community Member

    very clear, thank you

    Community Member

    Hello,
    Can any one pls tell me under "show ipv6 route" why there is via FE80::2? meaning why the router is showing link local address not interface ipv6 address?
    Thanking you in advance.
    shrijan

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