my understanding is Cisco believes wildcards are more flexible. You can match comparing three bits in the middle of IP address, e.g., which might help you to select "interesting" addresses. That's why wildcards have been "invented" and are used to choose the interfaces which run OSPF by the "network" command.
Address summarization via range command is supposed using well-known and simple address masks, I think.
The reason has to do with the application each of the commands has.
The command lets you enable OSPF on specific interfaces. In some cases not all the interfaces belonging to an area may be part of the same (contiguous) block, so the flexibility of a wildcard-mask comes in.
For example, "network 184.108.40.206 0.0.64.255 area 5" is a valid command, but "area 5 range 220.127.116.11 255.255.191.0" is not.
We are pleased to announce availability of Beta software for 16.6.3.
16.6.3 will be the second rebuild on the 16.6 release train targeted
towards Catalyst 9500/9400/9300/3850/3650 switching platforms. We are
looking for early feedback from customers befor...
Introduction Featured Speakers Luis Espejel is the Telecommunications
Manager of IENova, an Oil & Gas company. Currently he works with Cisco
IOS® and Cisco IOS XE platforms, and NX to some extent. He has also
worked as a Senior Engineer with the Routing P...
In this session you can learn more about Layer 3 multicast and the best
practices to identify possible threats and take security measures. It
provides an overview of basic multicast, the best security practices for
use of this technology, and recommendati...