I am thinking of using Port Address Translation (PAT) I guess several internal addresses can be NATed to only one or a few external addresses by using Port Address Translation (PAT)which I think is also referred to as "overload," Must be a subset of NAT.. With the port numbers encoded in 16 bits, the total number could theoretically be as high as 65,536 per IP address. Sounds like an inexhaustible supply to me! Got to be some sort of drawback? If there is little or no drawbacks, how would I configure my 4000 router to do this. I have 4 static addresses (supplied by isp) and 31/61 users on my side of the router.If you got any ? don't hesitate to ask for more info. Thanks in advance!
If I understand your question correctly - the port numbers (inside local hosts source ports) are usually assigned by the source device's TCP/IP-stack automatically from a 16 bit address range. Outgoing (source) port numbers would typically be something above 1023 and below 65536. The NAT translation (transparently) uses the unique source ip addr/port pair to differentiate between hosts mapped to the single inside global ip address when PAT/overloading is configured.
There is no hard requirement to enable fast-switching for NAT operaion, but It is generally recommended for performance and cpu load reasons, to enable the fasted supported switching mode per interface (cef, fast-switching.. etc) - there may be some corner-cases involving low-speed (<64K) links where this recommendation may be reviewed.
The only real drawback with PAT vs NAT is that some applications (depending on application and version of IOS) have problems running over it.
If the application embeds port number information into the packet and the IOS doesn't recognize the protocol, the embedded port address won't be translated along with the layer 4 port address (eg: Exchange email notification datagrams).
You'll have to determine what applications are in use and be sure that you're version of the IOS will support them with PAT.
This is actually a pretty cool feature, i didn't even know it existed until I was looking for a solution to advertise a subnet (prefix in BGP talk), only if a certain condition existed. This is exactly what conditional advertisements does
j ai une question j ai achete un routeur cisco 887VA-k9 , je le configuré avec la configuration ci- dessous
si je le lier avec mon pc portable sur l un de ses ports directement ça marche toute est bien ( la connexion internet + m...
Attached policy provides CLI access to the Cisco 4G router over text messaging. Two files are in the attached .tar file:
2. PDF with instructions on how to load and use the .tcl file.