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Point to Point T1 Problems

I have 3 private line T1s going into two VWIC-2MFT-T1 cards that are all on the same NM. These VWICs give me four T1 ports of which I am using the last three. The problem I'm having is that I get a tremendous amount of line code violations, slips and other errors on my Cisco 3662 (in corporate office). On the other ends of these T1s, I don't get the errors. These remote ends are set with internal clocking while the 3662 ends are set to line. I have called AT&T and of course they test the line fine and show it to be set up for ESF and B8ZS. I don't know what the problem is. The demarc is extended about 300 ft but playing with the cable length didn't make any difference. Any help would help. Here is a sample:

T1 3/1 is up.

Applique type is Channelized T1

Cablelength is short 133

Description: T1 to Las Vegas

No alarms detected.

alarm-trigger is not set

Version info Firmware: 20000922, FPGA: 15

Framing is ESF, Line Code is B8ZS, Clock Source is Line.

Current port master clock: recovered from controller 3/1

Data in current interval (11 seconds elapsed):

163 Line Code Violations, 445 Path Code Violations

11 Slip Secs, 0 Fr Loss Secs, 11 Line Err Secs, 1 Degraded Mins

10 Errored Secs, 9 Bursty Err Secs, 1 Severely Err Secs, 0 Unavail Secs

Val.3662#sh controller T1 3/2

T1 3/2 is up.

Applique type is Channelized T1

Cablelength is short 133

Description: T1 to Sacramento

No alarms detected.

alarm-trigger is not set

Version info Firmware: 20000922, FPGA: 15

Framing is ESF, Line Code is B8ZS, Clock Source is Line.

Current port master clock: recovered from controller 3/1

Data in current interval (36 seconds elapsed):

191 Line Code Violations, 457 Path Code Violations

36 Slip Secs, 0 Fr Loss Secs, 27 Line Err Secs, 0 Degraded Mins

36 Errored Secs, 28 Bursty Err Secs, 0 Severely Err Secs, 0 Unavail Secs

Val.3662#sh controller T1 3/3

T1 3/3 is up.

Applique type is Channelized T1

Cablelength is short 133

No alarms detected.

alarm-trigger is not set

Version info Firmware: 20000922, FPGA: 15

Framing is ESF, Line Code is B8ZS, Clock Source is Line.

Current port master clock: recovered from controller 3/1

Data in current interval (45 seconds elapsed):

1355 Line Code Violations, 2703 Path Code Violations

45 Slip Secs, 0 Fr Loss Secs, 45 Line Err Secs, 0 Degraded Mins

43 Errored Secs, 43 Bursty Err Secs, 2 Severely Err Secs, 0 Unavail Secs

Thanks

Robert

6 REPLIES

Re: Point to Point T1 Problems

Check this error event flowchart to see if you can troubleshoot the errors.

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/tk713/tk584/technologies_tech_note09186a00800a4a64.shtml

Silver

Re: Point to Point T1 Problems

Robert

Slips are clocking issues.

Have you reversed the clocking source ?

Have you checked with the carrier to make sure they are not providing clock ?

Work with the carrier have them provide loops toward you from different test points you should see the line go up up (looped) then ping yourself. If you drop pings there is a problem with the carrier. If no drops no carrier problem .

Carriers will usually test from the closest test point to your site and will not test in the other direction .

You may need to play with the clock source. If you are using a service module, you may need to add the command ' service-module T1 fdl both ' THis allows the carrier to loop your csu.

Green

Re: Point to Point T1 Problems

If all three lines are form the same carrier, try changing the clock source from 3/1 to one of the other ports.

You may want to try catching clock from each of the three lines (3/1 gets clock from 3/1, 3/2 gets clock from 3/2...)

What kind of cable is that 300ft run?

If it'sUTP (Cat3,4,5,5e,6) you may want to bump the cablelength up a notch(the cable may appear longer than it is). UTP is (last time I looked) not the "correct" cable type for T1 transmission, though it is (by now, probably) the most often used. I believe the spec calls for "Premises" cable - two twisted pairs, each pair shielded, in a jacket with an overall shield.

Good Luck

Scott

New Member

Re: Point to Point T1 Problems

Thanks for the input:

All of the T1s are AT&T lines and I've tried a couple of things with them. I've tried setting the clock to line/line, internal/line and line/internal. Having the clock set to internal on the 3662 bring the T1 down but setting line/line or line with the remote location to internal gets the line up with errors. This is a factory so the telco terminates there stuff at the back of the factory. Our phone vendor then pulled 100 pairs from this area to our computer/telephone room. We also have a PRI going into a PBX in the phone room that has no errors that is using some of these pairs. I did play with the cable lengths but it didn't seem to make a difference.

New Member

Re: Point to Point T1 Problems

I would be looking at the cable extended from the DMARK. As the previous responder indicated, shielded twisted pair is the best choice. Since you don't have that at this time, try this. Separate the TX pairs from the RX pairs. For example, put the TXs on pairs 23,24 and 25 and the RXs on 48,49 and 50.

Also, do you know the signal level at the demark or at the computer room? A signal level of -15db to -20db should be good. If you don't know the level and have no way of measuring it, I would set the cable length to 'long'. ATT is probably handing the signal to you within the range that I indicated above. You are adding loss to it. If the signal loss is too great, the peak to peak voltage is below the level necessary to indicate a binary 1.

New Member

Re: Point to Point T1 Problems

If you have all of your T1's coming in on the same 100 pair cable, you might want to try and move them to different bundles. I have seen problems where multiple T1's in the same bundle of cable can cause problems. Try spreading out the T1's to three seperate bundles.

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