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New Member

Problem with FWSM and L3 interface in same switch

I have two 6513s with an 802.1q trunk connecting them. Each switch has redundant Sup720s running in Native mode, IOS ver 12.2(18)SXF (they were initially running SXD3). A FWSM (ver 2.3(3), routed mode, single context) is in each switch, setup in failover mode.

I can not get a PC, in a vlan that has the layer 3 interface defined on the switch with the active FWSM in it, to communicate with devices "behind" the FWSM. If I move the layer 3 configuration for that vlan to the other 6513, everything works fine.

The MSFCs are on the inside of the firewall, they have a layer 3 interface configured in the same vlan as the FWSM "inside" interface. Several "same security level" interfaces are defined on the FWSM and used to protect server farms. I am using OSPF on the MSFCs and FWSM and the routing table is correct.

The FWSM builds connections for attempts made by the PC with the layer 3 interface defined on the same switch as the active FWSM just fine, so this is not a FWSM ACL problem.

A ping of the FWSM "inside" interface from a PC with the layer 3 interface defined on the same switch as the active FWSM fails, even though debug icmp trace on the FWSM shows the request and the response. A packet capture, using the NAM-2, shows only the request packets. I have captured on the common vlan and the FWSM backplane port channel interface.

Just to add to the confusion, if I capture in the same places, but do the ping from a PC that is in a vlan with the layer 3 interface defined in the 6513 that does not contain the active FWSM, which works fine, I see the request and reply on the common vlan capture, but only the request on the port channel capture.

This problem has been there from the beginning of this implementation and has not changed with IOS and FWSM software upgrades. I have experienced this with any and all vlans that I tried to define the layer 3 interface for on the switch with the active FWSM. I have MLS turned on.

If anyone else has experienced this and solved it, or knows what is going on, I would appreciate any insight.




Re: Problem with FWSM and L3 interface in same switch

I think if you send me a copy of the debug icmp trace o/p and the ping command response , it will be easy for me to trace out the problem.Because, mostly with the debug o/p , I can find out with which one the problem is associated .

New Member

Re: Problem with FWSM and L3 interface in same switch

I will have to get setup to record more data, but I do know the FWSM showed a ping request and a ping reply at the "inside" interface.

I believe my problem is related to the IOS command "firewall multiple-vlan-interfaces" which I put in place to allow IPX traffic to be brought around the FWSM. The little documentation that there is for this command, states that policy routing may need to be implemented to prevent ip packets from going around the firewall. I do not have any policy routing in place.

I also do not have any active layer three interfaces defined for any of the vlans assigned to the firewall except the "inside" interface. So my resoning was that I did not need to be concerned about ip packets having a way around the FWSM. My suspicion is that this command and the fact that I have mls on is causing some type of a problem which results in the packet being "lost" when it needs to be going through the MSFC in the switch with the active FWSM to get to the PC. Hopefully that makes some sense.

Do you have any idea where better documention on using the "firewall multiple-vlan-interfaces" may be, or a better explanation of all that is happening inside the switch when that command is used?


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