Adding a static route to an Ethernet or other broadcast interface (for example, ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 Ethernet 1/2) will cause the route to be inserted into the routing table only when the interface is up. This configuration is not generally recommended. When the next hop of a static route points to an interface, the router considers each of the hosts within the range of the route to be directly connected through that interface, and therefore it will send ARP requests to any destination addresses that route through the static route.
The practical implication of configuring "ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 Ethernet 1/2" is that the router will consider all of the destinations that the router does not know how to reach through some other route as directly connected to Ethernet 1/2. So the router will send an ARP request for each host for which it receives packets on this network segment. This configuration can cause high processor utilization and a very large ARP cache (along with attendant memory allocation failures). Configuring a default route or other static route that directs the router to forward packets for a large range of destinations to a connected broadcast network segment can cause your router to reload.
Specifying a numerical next hop that is on a directly connected interface will prevent the router from using Proxy ARP. However, if the interface with the next hop goes down and the numerical next hop can be reached through a recursive route, you may specify both the next hop and interface (for example "ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 Ethernet1/2 10.1.2.3") with a static route to prevent routes from passing through an unintended interface.
The following example routes packets for network 172.31.0.0 to a router at 172.31.6.6:
ip route 172.31.0.0 255.255.0.0 172.31.6.6
The following example routes packets for network 192.168.1.0 directly to the next hop at 10.1.2.3. If the interface goes down, this route is removed from the routing table and will not be restored unless the interface comes back up.
ip route 192.168.1.0 255.255.0.0 Ethernet0 10.1.2.3
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