Cisco Support Community
cancel
Showing results for 
Search instead for 
Did you mean: 
Announcements

Welcome to Cisco Support Community. We would love to have your feedback.

For an introduction to the new site, click here. And see here for current known issues.

nfe
New Member

problems with VPN and NAT, help

I'm now in a company doing my thesis on VPN.

I have to implement VPN between them and some customers.

Site description:

*we have a central site (cisco router) using private IP=10.10.0.0/16 and access to internet with a permanent line and using NAT overload over one public address.

*All the custumer have the same IP plan with unique public IP address and NAT using private address IP:172.20.0.0/16

Problem:

I have already implement a site-2-site VPN using GRE for one of their customer, but when i want to do the second custumer i have a problem.

As each customer have the same IP plan with NAT (172.20.0.0), i have a problem of unicity.

So with the first customer (using tunnel0 for the VPN), the route from

our router is: ip route 172.20.0.0 255.255.0.0 tunnel 0

when i want to do the second customer (using tunnel1), the route will

be: ip route 172.20.0.0 255.255.0.0 tunnel 1

This is not possible because i'll have two times 172.20.0.0 in the

routing table

How can i implement a such system?

Is it possible to implement a NAT process to generate the unicity (one unique subnet between each custumers) while keeping 172.20.0.0/16 everywhere and how could this NAT cohabitate with the existing NAT ?

Does anyone have an idea???

Thanks in Advance

Nicolas

4 REPLIES
New Member

Re: problems with VPN and NAT, help

Routing will not work if all of your remote sites all using overlapped network 172.20.0.0/16

So you need do policy natting in all the remote sites.

Site A: put "ip nat outside" in the GRE tunnel interface, translate 172.20.0.0/16 to 172.21.0.0/16

SiteB: put "ip nat outside" in the GRE tunnel interface, translate 172.20.0.0/16 to 172.22.0.0/16

For other remote sites, the same story and so on.

After that, in the concentral office, you can control the routing easily:

ip route 172.21.0.0 255.255.0.0 tunnel 0

ip route 172.22.0.0 255.255.0.0 tunnel 1

ip route 172.23.0.0 255.255.0.0 tunnel 2

And So on....

nfe
New Member

Re: problems with VPN and NAT, help

Ok,

I was also thinking doing something like that,

but how this NAT translation (172.20.0.0/16 to 172.2x.0.0/16) can co-exist with the actual NAT overload for internet access.

Do i have to use specific command? (like static route map for example)

Here the detail of the site:

MainSite¦

¦

¦IP Public

¦NAT overload

¦

¦

INTERNET---------------------Customer1 (172.20.0.0/16)--------ISDN(172.16.x.0/8)

¦.........................IP Public

¦......................NAT Overload

¦

¦IP Public

¦NAT overload

¦

¦

Customer2 (172.20.0.0/16)

¦

¦

¦

¦

ISDN(172.16.x.0/8)

Here a sample of my configuration:

A) Configuration of main site (fragment)

sh ver

Cisco Internetwork Operating System Software

IOS (tm) 3600 Software (C3640-DO3S-M), Version 12.2(3), RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)

Copyright (c) 1986-2001 by cisco Systems, Inc.

Compiled Wed 18-Jul-01 21:03 by pwade

Image text-base: 0x600089A8, data-base: 0x612E0000

ROM: System Bootstrap, Version 11.1(7)AX [kuong (7)AX], EARLY DEPLOYMENT RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc2)

DGE_Router uptime is 7 weeks, 1 day, 22 hours, 5 minutes

System returned to ROM by reload at 15:08:29 UTC Sun Apr 14 2002

System restarted at 15:09:32 UTC Sun Apr 14 2002

System image file is "flash:c3640-do3s-mz.122-3.bin"

cisco 3640 (R4700) processor (revision 0x00) with 60416K/5120K bytes of memory.

Processor board ID 05169889

R4700 CPU at 100Mhz, Implementation 33, Rev 1.0

MICA-6DM Firmware: CP ver 2730 - 5/23/2001, SP ver 2730 - 5/23/2001.

Bridging software.

X.25 software, Version 3.0.0.

SuperLAT software (copyright 1990 by Meridian Technology Corp).

Basic Rate ISDN software, Version 1.1.

4 Ethernet/IEEE 802.3 interface(s)

2 Serial network interface(s)

4 ISDN Basic Rate interface(s)

6 terminal line(s)

DRAM configuration is 64 bits wide with parity disabled.

125K bytes of non-volatile configuration memory.

16384K bytes of processor board System flash (Read/Write)

Configuration register is 0x2102

DGE_Router#sh run

Building configuration...

Current configuration : 11015 bytes

!

! Last configuration change at 08:18:11 UTC Tue Jun 4 2002

! NVRAM config last updated at 08:18:13 UTC Tue Jun 4 2002

!

version 12.2

service timestamps debug datetime msec

service timestamps log datetime msec

no service password-encryption

service linenumber

service udp-small-servers

service tcp-small-servers

!

hostname DGE_Router

!

logging buffered 4096 debugging

enable secret 5 ...

enable password ...

!

username ...

modem country mica switzerland

ip subnet-zero

!

!

ip host proxy-dge 195.65.51.89

ip host mail.duplirex.ch 195.65.51.90

ip host PC171 195.65.51.93

ip host PC128 195.65.51.94

ip host telco 195.65.51.95

ip host horus 195.65.51.91

ip host di.devillard.ch 195.65.51.91

ip host mail.devillard.ch 195.65.51.95

ip name-server 164.128.36.34

!

ip multicast-routing

ip inspect name INTERNET http java-list 20

ip inspect name INTERNET udp

ip inspect name INTERNET tcp

ip inspect name INTERNET ftp

ip inspect name INTERNET tftp

ip audit attack action alarm drop reset

ip audit notify log

ip audit po max-events 100

ip audit name AUDITIE info action alarm

ip audit name AUDITIE attack action alarm drop reset

ipx routing 0060.8339.4e21

isdn switch-type basic-net3

call rsvp-sync

!

!

interface Ethernet0/0

description LAN preparation client MBNET

ip address 172.20.4.2 255.255.0.0

ip nat inside

half-duplex

ipx encapsulation SAP

ipx network 20

no cdp enable

!

interface Serial0/0

description DGE-DVD rented line

ip address 10.200.4.1 255.255.0.0

ip pim dense-mode

ipx network 10000200

no cdp enable

!

interface Ethernet0/1

description DGE Backbone

ip address 10.10.4.1 255.255.0.0

ip accounting output-packets

ip nat inside

ip pim dense-mode

full-duplex

ipx encapsulation SAP

ipx network 10000010

!

interface Ethernet1/0

description EXPO network

ip address 10.11.4.1 255.255.0.0

ip nat inside

ip pim dense-mode

half-duplex

!

interface Serial1/0

description Permanent Internet access to Swisscom IP-PLUS

ip address 164.128.74.150 255.255.255.252

ip access-group IAIN in

ip access-group IAOUT out

ip nat outside

ip inspect INTERNET out

ip audit AUDITIE in

no cdp enable

!

interface Ethernet1/1

no ip address

ip nat inside

shutdown

!

interface BRI2/0

no ip address

shutdown

isdn switch-type basic-net3

no fair-queue

no cdp enable

!

interface BRI2/1

description access inside DSA's network from outside

ip address 172.16...

ip nat inside

encapsulation ppp

no ip mroute-cache

dialer idle-timeout 180

dialer-group 5

ipx network 7

isdn switch-type basic-net3

isdn caller 0227570864

isdn answer1 4171

compress mppc

no cdp enable

ppp authentication chap ms-chap pap callin

ppp ipcp dns 10.10.2.2

ppp multilink

!

interface BRI2/2

description remote access to DSA customers

no ip address

encapsulation ppp

dialer pool-member 3

isdn switch-type basic-net3

isdn answer1 ...

no cdp enable

!

interface BRI2/3

description Incoming call Analog or V.110

no ip address

isdn switch-type basic-net3

isdn caller ...

isdn incoming-voice modem 64

isdn answer1 4168

no cdp enable

!

interface Async97

ip address 172.16.13.10 255.255.255.0

ip nat inside

encapsulation ppp

ip tcp header-compression passive

no ip mroute-cache

async mode interactive

peer default ip address pool analog

ppp authentication chap ms-chap callin

ppp ipcp dns 10.10.2.2

!

interface Async98

ip address 172.16.13.11 255.255.255.0

ip nat inside

encapsulation ppp

async mode interactive

peer default ip address pool analog

ppp authentication chap ms-chap callin

ppp ipcp dns 10.10.2.2

!

interface Dialer1

no ip address

no cdp enable

!

interface Dialer2

description RCN

no ip address

ip nat inside

encapsulation ppp

dialer pool 2

dialer remote-name mbsa

dialer-group 2

no cdp enable

!

!

ip local pool analog 172.16.13.1 172.16.13.6

ip nat translation timeout 1200

ip nat pool internet 195.65.51.66 195.65.51.85 netmask 255.255.255.224

ip nat inside source list IANAT pool internet

ip nat inside source static 164.128.74.150 164.128.74.150

ip nat inside source static 10.10.2.3 195.65.51.91

ip nat inside source static 10.10.2.2 195.65.51.95

ip nat inside source static 172.20.2.1 195.65.51.90

ip nat inside source static 10.10.10.128 195.65.51.94

ip nat inside source static 10.10.10.171 195.65.51.93

ip classless

ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 Serial1/0

ip route 10.20.0.0 255.255.0.0 Serial0/0

ip route 10.30.0.0 255.255.0.0 Serial0/0

ip route 172.16.6.0 255.255.255.0 Serial0/0

no ip http server

!

!

ip access-list extended DSARAIN

permit ip any any

ip access-list extended IAIN

remark Control Access from Internet (input)

permit icmp any host 164.128.74.150

permit icmp any any echo-reply

permit icmp any any ttl-exceeded

permit icmp any any host-unreachable

permit icmp any any host-unknown

permit icmp any any time-exceeded

permit udp any any eq ntp log

permit tcp any host 195.65.51.95 eq smtp

permit tcp any host 195.65.51.95 eq pop3

permit tcp any host 195.65.51.95 eq 143

permit tcp any host 195.65.51.90 eq www

permit tcp any host 195.65.51.90 eq smtp

permit tcp any host 195.65.51.90 eq 465

permit tcp any host 195.65.51.90 eq pop3

permit tcp any host 195.65.51.90 eq 143

permit tcp any host 195.65.51.90 eq 993

permit tcp any host 195.65.51.90 eq 389

permit tcp any host 195.65.51.90 eq 636

permit tcp any host 195.65.51.91 eq smtp

permit tcp any host 195.65.51.91 eq 465

permit tcp any host 195.65.51.91 eq 993

permit tcp any host 195.65.51.91 eq 447

permit tcp any host 195.65.51.91 eq 444

permit udp host 164.128.36.34 host 164.128.74.150

deny ip any any

ip access-list extended IANAT

remark Control NAT for Internet Access

deny ip 195.65.51.64 0.0.0.31 any

deny ip 164.128.74.0 0.0.0.255 any

permit ip host 10.10.2.2 any

permit ip 10.10.10.0 0.0.0.255 any

permit ip 10.10.15.0 0.0.0.255 any

permit ip 10.10.16.0 0.0.0.255 any

permit ip 10.10.18.0 0.0.0.255 any

permit ip 10.10.96.0 0.0.0.255 any

permit ip 172.16.7.0 0.0.0.255 any

permit ip 172.16.13.0 0.0.0.255 any

permit ip 172.20.0.0 0.0.255.255 any

deny ip any any log

ip access-list extended IAOUT

remark Control Access to Internet (output)

deny ip 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any

permit icmp 195.65.51.64 0.0.0.31 any

permit ip host 195.65.51.95 any

permit ip host 195.65.51.90 any

permit ip host 195.65.51.91 any

permit ip host 195.65.51.93 any

permit ip host 195.65.51.94 any

permit udp host 195.65.51.95 eq domain any eq domain

permit udp any host 164.128.36.34 eq domain

permit udp any host 164.128.76.39 eq domain

permit udp any any eq 5632

permit tcp any any eq 5631

permit tcp any any eq 2200

permit tcp any any eq telnet

permit tcp any any eq www

permit tcp any any eq 443

permit tcp any any eq 88

permit tcp any any eq 447

permit tcp any any eq 81

permit tcp any any eq 444

permit tcp any any eq 389

permit tcp any any eq 636

permit tcp any any eq ftp

permit tcp any any eq nntp

permit tcp any any eq smtp

permit tcp any any eq pop3

permit tcp any any eq 143

permit tcp any any eq ftp-data

permit tcp any any eq 8008

permit tcp any any eq 8009

permit tcp any any eq 8080

permit udp any eq ntp any log

deny ip any any log

logging trap debugging

logging source-interface Ethernet0/1

logging 10.10.10.153

access-list 101 permit icmp any any

access-list 101 deny udp any eq rip any

access-list 101 permit ip host 128.127.1.128 any

access-list 101 permit ip host 128.127.1.151 any

access-list 101 permit ip host 128.127.1.147 any

access-list 101 permit ip host 128.127.1.150 any

access-list 101 permit ip host 128.127.10.128 any

access-list 101 deny ip any any log

access-list 2000 permit udp any eq domain any

access-list 2000 permit icmp any any echo-reply

access-list 2000 permit icmp any any time-exceeded

access-list 2000 permit icmp any any packet-too-big

access-list 2000 permit icmp any any traceroute

access-list 2000 permit icmp any any unreachable

access-list 2000 deny tcp any host 195.65.51.95 eq www log

access-list 2000 permit tcp any host 195.65.51.95 eq smtp

access-list 2000 permit tcp any host 195.65.51.95 eq pop3

access-list 2000 permit tcp any eq pop3 any established

access-list 2000 permit tcp any eq smtp any established

access-list 2000 permit tcp any eq ftp any established

access-list 2000 permit tcp any eq www any established

access-list 2000 permit tcp any eq 443 any established

access-list 2000 permit tcp any eq nntp any established

access-list 2000 permit tcp any any

access-list 2000 permit ip any host 195.65.51.94

access-list 2000 permit ip any host 195.65.51.93

access-list 2000 deny ip any any log

access-list 2001 permit icmp any any echo

access-list 2001 permit ip host 195.65.51.94 any

access-list 2001 deny ip any any log

dialer-list 5 protocol ip permit

dialer-list 5 protocol ipx permit

snmp-server community public RO

snmp-server community ipacct RW

snmp-server location local informatique

snmp-server contact Olivier RIEBEN

snmp-server enable traps isdn call-information

snmp-server host 10.10.10.153 public

!

!

!

!

dial-peer cor custom

!

!

!

!

line con 0

line aux 0

exec-timeout 0 0

password mbmb

modem InOut

modem autoconfigure discovery

transport input all

autoselect ppp

speed 1200

flowcontrol hardware

line vty 0 4

password mb

login

!

ntp clock-period 17179956

ntp server 138.195.130.71

ntp server 134.93.132.118

ntp server 129.132.2.21

end

DGE_Router#sh ip ro

Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP

D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area

N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2

E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP

i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area

* - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR

P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is 0.0.0.0 to network 0.0.0.0

...

10.0.0.0/16 is subnetted, 5 subnets

C 10.10.0.0 is directly connected, Ethernet0/1

C 10.11.0.0 is directly connected, Ethernet1/0

S 10.30.0.0 is directly connected, Serial0/0

S 10.20.0.0 is directly connected, Serial0/0

C 10.200.0.0 is directly connected, Serial0/0

164.128.0.0/30 is subnetted, 1 subnets

C 164.128.74.148 is directly connected, Serial1/0

S* 0.0.0.0/0 is directly connected, Serial1/0

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

B) Typical configuration of subsidiaries (fragment)

sh ver

Cisco Internetwork Operating System Software

IOS (tm) C1700 Software (C1700-NO3SY7-M), Version 12.2(8)T, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc2)

TAC Support: http://www.cisco.com/tac')">http://www.cisco.com/tac')">http://www.cisco.com/tac')">http://www.cisco.com/tac

Copyright (c) 1986-2002 by cisco Systems, Inc.

Compiled Thu 14-Feb-02 07:05 by ccai

Image text-base: 0x80008108, data-base: 0x80C2F6C4

ROM: System Bootstrap, Version 12.0(3)T, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)

PILLET uptime is 4 weeks, 5 days, 22 hours, 38 minutes

System returned to ROM by power-on

System restarted at 07:33:43 UTC Thu Apr 18 2002

System image file is "flash:c1700-no3sy7-mz.122-8.T.bin"

cisco 1720 (MPC860T) processor (revision 0x501) with 36864K/12288K bytes of memory.

Processor board ID JAD04380325 (1502665828), with hardware revision 0000

MPC860T processor: part number 0, mask 32

Bridging software.

X.25 software, Version 3.0.0.

Basic Rate ISDN software, Version 1.1.

1 Ethernet/IEEE 802.3 interface(s)

1 FastEthernet/IEEE 802.3 interface(s)

1 ISDN Basic Rate interface(s)

32K bytes of non-volatile configuration memory.

8192K bytes of processor board System flash (Read/Write)

Configuration register is 0x2102

PILLET#sh run

Building configuration...

Current configuration : 4495 bytes

!

! Last configuration change at 06:05:11 UTC Wed May 22 2002

! NVRAM config last updated at 06:05:13 UTC Wed May 22 2002

!

version 12.2

service timestamps debug datetime msec

service timestamps log datetime msec

no service password-encryption

!

hostname PILLET

!

enable secret 5 ...

enable password ...

!

username ...

memory-size iomem 25

mmi polling-interval 60

no mmi auto-configure

no mmi pvc

mmi snmp-timeout 180

ip subnet-zero

!

!

no ip domain-lookup

ip host telcoPI 195.65.175.187

ip host router 195.65.175.186

ip host ras 195.65.175.188

!

ip inspect name INTERNET tcp

ip inspect name INTERNET udp

ip inspect name INTERNET http java-list 20

ip inspect name INTERNET ftp

ip inspect name INTERNET tftp

ip audit notify log

ip audit po max-events 100

ipx routing 0004.dd0c.5593

isdn switch-type basic-net3

!

!

!

interface BRI0

no ip address

encapsulation ppp

dialer pool-member 1

isdn switch-type basic-net3

isdn caller ...

isdn answer1 ...

isdn calling-number ...

no cdp enable

ppp authentication chap callin

ppp multilink

!

interface Ethernet0

description LEASED LINE to SwissCom Via LAN ISP IP-PLUS

ip address 195.65.175.186 255.255.255.248

ip access-group IAIN in

ip access-group IAOUT out

ip nat outside

ip inspect INTERNET out

half-duplex

no cdp enable

!

interface FastEthernet0

description LAN Pillet SA

ip address 172.20.4.1 255.255.0.0

ip accounting output-packets

ip nat inside

no ip mroute-cache

speed auto

full-duplex

ipx encapsulation SAP

ipx network DEAD0080

no cdp enable

!

interface Dialer1

description ISP Bluewin

ip address negotiated

ip nat outside

encapsulation ppp

no cdp enable

ppp chap hostname devillardvaud

ppp chap password 7 070222494C03150146

!

interface Dialer11

description Profil Remote Access Devillard SA Maintenance

ip address 172.16.16.11 255.255.255.0

ip nat inside

encapsulation ppp

no ip mroute-cache

dialer pool 1

dialer idle-timeout 180

dialer-group 6

ipx network DEAD0081

compress mppc

no cdp enable

ppp authentication chap callin

ppp ipcp dns 164.128.36.34

!

ip nat translation timeout 1200

ip nat inside source list IANAT interface Ethernet0 overload

ip nat inside source static 172.20.2.2 195.65.175.187

ip nat inside source static 172.20.10.128 195.65.175.188

ip classless

ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 195.65.175.185

no ip http server

ip pim bidir-enable

!

!

ip access-list extended IAIN

remark Control access to Internet (input)

permit icmp any host 195.65.175.186

permit icmp any host 195.65.175.187

permit icmp 195.65.51.64 0.0.0.31 any

permit udp any eq ntp any eq ntp

permit tcp 195.65.51.64 0.0.0.31 host 195.65.175.186

permit udp 195.65.51.64 0.0.0.31 host 195.65.175.186

permit udp 195.65.51.64 0.0.0.31 any eq 5632

permit tcp 195.65.51.64 0.0.0.31 any eq 5631

permit tcp any host 195.65.175.187 eq smtp

permit tcp any host 195.65.175.187 eq 143

permit tcp any host 195.65.175.187 eq ftp

permit tcp 195.65.51.64 0.0.0.31 any eq 8008

permit tcp 195.65.51.64 0.0.0.31 any eq 8009

deny tcp any host 195.65.175.187 gt 2048 log

permit tcp any host 195.65.175.187 gt 1024

deny ip any any log

ip access-list extended IANAT

remark Control access to NAT translation

deny ip 195.65.175.184 0.0.0.7 any

permit ip host 172.20.2.1 any

permit ip host 172.20.2.2 any

permit ip 172.20.10.0 0.0.0.255 any

deny ip any any log

ip access-list extended IAOUT

remark Control access to Internet (output)

permit ip 195.65.175.184 0.0.0.7 any

permit udp any eq 5632 195.65.51.64 0.0.0.31

permit tcp any eq 5631 195.65.51.64 0.0.0.31

deny ip any any log

remark Control access to Internet (output)

remark Control access to Internet (output)

!

logging trap debugging

logging source-interface Ethernet0

logging 172.20.10.128

access-list 20 permit any

access-list 102 permit ip any any

access-list 900 deny sap

access-list 900 deny rip

access-list 900 deny netbios

access-list 900 permit any

dialer-list 1 protocol ip list 102

dialer-list 6 protocol ipx list 900

dialer-list 6 protocol ip list 102

no cdp run

!

!

!

!

snmp-server community ipacct RW

snmp-server location Local Informatique

!

line con 0

exec-timeout 0 0

line aux 0

line vty 0 4

password mb

login

!

ntp clock-period 17180011

ntp server 138.195.130.71

ntp server 134.93.132.118

ntp server 129.132.2.21

end

New Member

Re: problems with VPN and NAT, help

"policy natting" means use route map in the nat:

Check the details in following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/warp/customer/707/overload_private.shtml

Tips: route-map policy 10

control the 172.20.x.x translate to 172.21.x.x

route-map policy 20

control the normal 172.20.x.x natting to the internet

I believe you should be able to work out the exact config in your situation.

nfe
New Member

Re: problems with VPN and NAT, help

HI i have done a first draft of my configuration but i'm not sure about all the point for route-map

Here is a sample of the config i did.

i'm not sure about it, and it would be nice if you could give me advise with this one

In the main site:

ip route 172.21.0.0 255.255.0.0 tunnel 0

ip route 172.22.0.0 255.255.0.0 tunnel 1

ip route 172.23.0.0 255.255.0.0 tunnel 2

In the first remote site

tunnel 0

description access to man site via GRE tunnel

ip address unnembered

tunnel source 195.x.x.x

tunnel destination 164.x.x.x

tunnel mode gre

ipx network 22xxxxx

ip nat outside

ip policy route-map test

no shutdown

int Eth0

ip address 195.x.x.x 255.255.255.248

ip nat outside

int Fastethernet0

ip address 172.20.0.0 255.255.0.0

ip nat inside

ip nat inside source list IANAT interface Eth0 overload

ip nat inside source route-map test int eth0

ip access-list extended IANAT

!remark control access to NAT translation

deny ip 195.x.x.x 0.0.0.7 any

permit ip 172.20.0.0 0.0.255.255 any

deny ip any any

access-list 102 deny ip 10.10.0.0 0.0.255.255 172.20.0.0 0.0.255.255

access-list 102 pemit ip 10.10.0.0 0.0.255.255 any

access-list 103 pemit ip 10.10.0.0 0.0.255.255 any

route-map test permit 10

!control the 172.20.x.x translate to 172.21.x.x

match ip address 102

route-map test permit 20

!control the normal 172.20.x.x natting to the internet

match ip address 103

199
Views
0
Helpful
4
Replies