If i understand correctly, the outer IP header is an entirely new IP header with all the fields that the local IP header would have. Obviously some of these fields may be different ie the source and destination IP addresses, ports etc, and some information may or may not be present such as QOS settings.
Was there something specific you were thinking of ?
I wanted to know how would the fields in the outer header differ from the inner one. Taking an example Router A & B having VPN tunnel between each others, shouldn't the source and destination IP addresses in both the outer header and the inner header be Router A & B ?
It depends on where the packet is sourced from and where the destination is eg.
You have a site-to-site VPN tunnel across the Internet between router A & router B. A client behind router B ( 192.168.5.10 ) wants to send data to server at site A ( 172.16.5.11 ).
Router A public IP address is 126.96.36.199
Router B public IP address is 188.8.131.52
Client at site B sends packet to router B with a source IP address of 192.168.5.10 and a destination IP address of 172.16.15.11.
Router B realises this is meant to go down the VPN tunnel so it encrypts the entire packet, creates a new IP header for the encrypted packet. The source IP address of this packet will be Router B public IP address and the destination address will be Router A public IP address.
When Router A receives the packet it strips off the outer IP header, decrypts the original packet, sees that the destination is 172.16.5.11 and forwards it on.
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We have configured the outside and inside Interface with official ipv6 adresses, set a default route on outside Interface to our router, we also have definied a rule , which also gets hits, to permit tcp from inside Interface to any6.
In Syslog I also se...