Join Harold Ritter as he takes your questions about IPv6 in our CSC Facebook community.
Harold is a technical leader with the Cisco Advanced Services Central Engineering team. He is responsible for helping Cisco top-tier Service Provider customers to design, implement and troubleshoot routing protocols and multicast, for both IPv4 and IPv6, and MPLS solutions in their environment.
This Facechat is the first in a series from our Ask the Experts group and will take place on Wednesday, December 15, 2010 from 10:00am – 11:00am PST.
What is a Facebook Forum?
Facebook forum are online conversations, held at a pre-arranged time in a Facebook community.
Here’s a condensed summary of our chat with Harold Ritter.
Q: Can you give us a brief explanation of IPv6?
A: IPv6 is basically the protocol that will be replacing IPv4 in the near future. It provides a lot more addresses than IPv4 (32 bits versus 128 bits address), which should enable new large network deployments and end to end connectivity.
Q: How can IPVs be applied to routers and VLAN?
A: Yes. IPv6 would be configured on VLAN for instance just like IPv4 does. They both can be configured at the same time, by the way.
Q: According to my knowledge, applying IPv6 may give us unlimited IPs. How will servers manage such a high occurrence?
A: Yes lots of IPv6 addresses might cause issue on routers eventually. Vendors will need to build bigger faster boxes or IETF will need to come up with solution to cope with the routing table growth.
Q: Is there any router from Cisco which supports IPv6 and dyndns configs for rdc.
A: Pretty much all recent routers support ipv6. Not sure about the dyndns part though.
Q: Do you see a point like IPv4 where we run out of addresses in IPv6?
A: It is hard to imagine that we will run out of IPv6 addresses one day. Remember that IPv6 address space is 128 bits compared to 32 bits for v4. That is a boat load more addresses!
Q: When do we expect the IPv4 address space to be depleted?
A: According to most experts monitoring theIPv4 pool, we should be out at the beginning of 2011. After that IANA will have no more IPv4 addresses to give away.
Q: Linksys supports dyndns for rdc and is a part of Cisco. Why doesn’t Cisco series support it. Also would like to know what extend of address will provide this ipv6. Thanks
A: There is currently no production version of Linksys routers supporting IPv6. (Currently only Linux based versions, but these are not officially supported.)
Q: Just seeing how much the internet has grown over the years, does make you wonder how much further it will grow and what fields.
A: more and more devices require ip addresses these day (cars, refrigerator, thermostat, television). that is where must of the growth will be coming from.
Q: When can we expect IPv6 works in full swing?
A: More and more service provider are deploying it. It is there. start to experiment with it today.
Q: How does subnetting work with IPv6? Does it really work?
A: By subnetting, I suppose you mean aggregation. It works pretty much the same way as in IPv4. Bear in mind that a lot of the IPv4 concepts still apply in the V6 world.
Q: What is one of the top challenges IPv6 poses to the world in contrast to IPV4?
A: One of them is the size of the routing table. It is likely to become enormous in the near future. The fact that people do not seem to move to IPv6 quickly is a concern.
Q: I am trying to get a direction to where to take my studies. Any ideas of what choices I have?
A: There is plenty of free IPv6 material at ipv6.he.net/certification. They even have a free IPv6 certification program to get you started. You can also get free IPv6 tunnels from them if you want IPv6 connectivity @ home. Lastly, I would also encourage you to go and look at the information available on www.cisco.com/go/ipv6.
Q: What are some of the road blocks preventing enterprise customers to deploy IPv6?
A: There are still products in the enterprise that might still not support IPv6. By getting started today with IPv6, you will find out about those and will be able to talk to your vendors to fix that. Also, the level of preparedness in the enterprise world is a lot less than in the Service Provider world.
Q: Do I need new routing protocols to support IPv6?
A: Pretty much all routing protocols supported under v4 are also supported under v6. Most of them with a slight modification and some like ospfv3, which required more work. These include: BGP, RIP, EIGRP, ISIS, OSPFv3 and static routes.
Q: If IPv4 it's supposed to "collapse" by Jan 2011, how soon do you think that IPv6 will be THE valid protocol?
A: The internet will continue to work after Jan 2011. It is just that it will be more and more difficult for Service Providers to deploy new networks and to cope with their network growth. In 2011, IANA will be out of IPv4 addresses. The Regional Internet Registries will still have some address space left though. And SPs will have some provision too. So it my take a one or two additionnal years for SP to be completely out. Here is how IPv4 is currently distributed. IANA provides addresses to the RIR (ARIN, RIPE, AFRNIC, LACNIC, APNIC), which in turn assign address to end.
1. Introduction Internet security is important with the increasing
attacks that are happening every day. Many internet and browsing
security solutions exist, but some are not very easy to use or maybe the
question is how can I enable them? In this referen...
Cisco Software Manager Server API Guide This document describes the
programmatic interfaces, RESTful APIs, which are supported by Cisco
Software Manager Server (CSM Server). Overview CSM Server supports a set
of finite RESTful APIs. The first step to use ...
If you are using Cisco's new linux-based Cisco Software Manager server,
then you probably want to make sure there is a startup service for
it.I'll assume that you've already installed the CSM server on a
systemd-based linux system. The commands given belo...