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New Member

VLANs with L3 Switch (SG-500)

Hi,

I'd like to know how to configure VLANs in SG-500 with it's L3 functionality (switch router).

The switch is up and running currently in L2 mode and has a few hosts connected to it.

Some questions I have:

  1. If I switch it to L3 (set system mode router) what will happen to it? Will it still function as a normal L2 switch like it is now, or do I need to change some other configuration? Will the current hosts be affected?
  2. Does the L3 switch need to run VTP for VLANs?
  3. What if the router isn't a Cisco router (it's a SonicWALL)?

Thank you in advance!

Everyone's tags (4)
1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION

Accepted Solutions
Green

VLANs with L3 Switch (SG-500)

Hi Vlad

1. If you set the switch to set system mode router it will factory default the switch. Some strict l2 functionality will disappear while some l3 functionality will appear.

2. The switch does not support btp

3. The router doesn't much matter, layer 3 is layer 3. Subnets, IP addresses and routes. Somethings are easier but anything is basically able to be accomplished.

-Tom
Please mark answered for helpful posts

-Tom Please mark answered for helpful posts http://blogs.cisco.com/smallbusiness/
8 REPLIES
Green

VLANs with L3 Switch (SG-500)

Hi Vlad

1. If you set the switch to set system mode router it will factory default the switch. Some strict l2 functionality will disappear while some l3 functionality will appear.

2. The switch does not support btp

3. The router doesn't much matter, layer 3 is layer 3. Subnets, IP addresses and routes. Somethings are easier but anything is basically able to be accomplished.

-Tom
Please mark answered for helpful posts

-Tom Please mark answered for helpful posts http://blogs.cisco.com/smallbusiness/
New Member

VLANs with L3 Switch (SG-500)

Thanks Tom.

Could you please tell me what functionality appears/disappears in general once L3 is enabled?

I know very little about L3 switches. I'd have to learn more about them.

I guess I'll stick to L2 VLAN functionality for now. I don't see any problem with that, do you? The switch supports dot1q tagging, doesn't it? Does it tag the frames if it is L3 switch?

Too bad it doesn't support VTP, but no big deal either.

Thanks again!

Green

VLANs with L3 Switch (SG-500)

Hi Vlad, some differences include-

Bonjour in layer 2 mode is globally enabled vs layer 3 it can be enabled per interface, port, vlan.

Layer 2 vlans do not have IP addresses, layer 3 vlans you can assign an IP per vlan

vlan groups are available in layer 2

layer 2 voice vlan will only synchronize with VSDP enabled devices on the same management vlan, layer 3 can synchronize on any subnet that is directly connected

layer 2 has no routing capability (such as ipv4 routes)

in layer 3 mode, the switch does not support dynamic vlan assignment vlan rate limit syn rate dos protection and advanced qos policers

In layer 2, ARP forwards traffic originating at the switch while layer 3 uses arp also for routing decisions

ARP proxy is for layer 3 only

Ip helper (udp relay) is layer 3 only

Layer 3 dhcp snooping can be enabled on any interface with or without an ip address

DHCP server is available in layer 3 only

Some of the IPV6 menus are different based on system mode

I'm sure there are more differences. Layer 3 vlan supports trunking/tag, yes.

-Tom
Please mark answered for helpful posts

-Tom Please mark answered for helpful posts http://blogs.cisco.com/smallbusiness/
New Member

VLANs with L3 Switch (SG-500)

Hi Tom,

In L3 Vlans is tagging nedded at all? Or is it there just for backwards-compatibility with L2 switches? I would assume an L3 switch should be able to limit/differentiate the traffic by IP addresses.

I definitely need to start learning about L3 switches.

Thanks!

Green

VLANs with L3 Switch (SG-500)

If there is no IP address assigned to the vlan on a l3 switch it is basically the same. The layer 3 vlan tags are not needed at all, they just make it easier to get communication.

Without using vlan tags you'd need appropriate static routes on the router (sonicwall) to get traffic on the internet. Then to limit communication to certain hosts/subnets would require access by IP address.

-Tom
Please mark answered for helpful posts

-Tom Please mark answered for helpful posts http://blogs.cisco.com/smallbusiness/
New Member

VLANs with L3 Switch (SG-500)

Hi Tom,

What if I just want to put a few ports into its own VLAN so they can act as a separate switch connected to a separate router interface, what do I need for that? No inter-VLAN routing is needed.

The switch should limit its traffic only to these ports, right, unless I have a trunk port? I don't think I need to configure sub-interface or stuff like that, but I believe I do need to enable tagging.

I basically have another line used for testing that has a separate 5-port switch that I want to get rid of.

Thanks!

Green

VLANs with L3 Switch (SG-500)

So long as spanning tree doesn't block anything, it is fine.

If a vlan isn't defined on a port and in a layer 2 environment, no routing can occur... so it just depends what your router is doing.

-Tom
Please mark answered for helpful posts

-Tom Please mark answered for helpful posts http://blogs.cisco.com/smallbusiness/
New Member

VLANs with L3 Switch (SG-500)

Thanks Tom, I'll give it a try.

I think, all I need to do is dedicate a few ports to another VLAN and plug the devices to them. That'll give me a separate logical switch, right?

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