This is a very common general error. Just like it states, save and collect all of those logs it asks for. You'll want to begin by looking at the diag_install log first and scrolling down to the time that it failed, it should point you in the right direction. *Typically*, but not always, it has something to do with SQL, which will lead you down the path of looking at the corresponding SQL logs. Was the server renamed after SQL was installed?
Are you getting this error “Installer User Interface Mode Not Supported. The installer cannot run in this UI mode. To specify the interface mode, use the -i command-line option, followed by the UI mode identifier. The value UI mode identifiers...
The below trick might come handy when you have to add a new node to a cluster but you don't have or is unsure of the security password for the publisher. This procedure has been around for ages.
1) Login into the CLI of the Publisher.