VPN traffic interruption on ASA5540 Running 8.3 code
Intermittently, L2L VPNs traversing a particular interface on my ASA 5540 get torn down and are not able to complete phase 1. These tunnels run for weeks with the exact config in the ASA, and then randomly stop passing traffic. Importantly, this affects only VPN related traffic. Additionally, we run SSL VPN through the same interface on the ASA and that stops allowing incoming connections as well. I also have L2L VPN tunnels built up to other interfaces on the ASA and they are not affected.
My ASAs are running in active/standby and I can force a failover to whatever unit is acting as the standby, and the issue is immediately cleared with no other intervention. Recently, this issue presented and I noticed that my dynamic ARP table had multiple erroneous interfaces bound to the MAC address of the interface that has issues with VPN traffic. Instead of performing a failover event, I cleared the dynamic arp entries and the issue was immediately resolved. I can only assume that the HA failover process also forces an arp cache clear, which explains why that resolved the issue previously.
I have had the same hardware running the same code for quite some time and this issue only recently cropped up. There were no config changes made to the ASA for some time prior to the first manifestation of the issue.
I have debug logging enabled and am send this info to a syslog server. I captured output from some of these events but haven’t been able to make heads or tails of it.
Table of ContentsIntroductionVersion HistoryPossible Future
UpdatesDocuments PurposeNAT Operation in ASA 8.3+ SectionsRule Types
Network Object NATTwice NAT / Manual NATRule Types used per SectionNAT
Types used with Twice NAT / Manual NAT and Network Obje...
[toc:faq]Introduction:This document describes details on how NAT-T
works.Background:ESP encrypts all critical information, encapsulating
the entire inner TCP/UDP datagram within an ESP header. ESP is an IP
protocol in the same sense that TCP and UDP are I...