You need different address-families to enable BGP to carry information for different types of protocols. For example, if you need to use BGP for IPv6, then you would use the IPv6 address-family. There are other uses for the address-family as well:
The search criteria for SNMP queries for routes that are advertised by individual peers are improved because the peer address is indexed before the prefix. A network operator will no longer need to search through potentially thousands of routes to obtain the learned routes of a local BGP RIB table.
Improved AFI and SAFI Support
Support is added for multiprotocol BGP. AFI and SAFI are added as indexes to the table. The CISCO-BGP4-MIB can be queried for any combination of AFIs and SAFIs that are supported by the local BGP speaker.
BGP 4 MIB Support for per-Peer Received Routes supports only routes that are contained in IPv4 AFIs and unicast SAFIs in the local BGP RIB table. The BGP 4 MIB Support for per-Peer Received Routes enhancement is supported only by BGP Version 4.
[toc:faq]The ProblemOn traditional switches whenever we have a trunk
interface we use the VLAN tag to demultiplex the VLANs. The switch needs
to determine which MAC Address table to look in for a forwarding
decision. To do this we require the switch to do...
[toc:faq]Introduction:Netdr is a tool available on a RSP720, Sup720 or
Sup32 that allows one to capture packets on the RP or SP inband. The
netdr command can be used to capture both Tx and Rx packets in the
software switching path. This is not a substitut...
IntroductionOSPF, being a link-state protocol, allows for every router
in the network to know of every link and OSPF speaker in the entire
network. From this picture each router independently runs the Shortest
Path First (SPF) algorithm to determine the b...