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New Member

BGP questions

Guys we use static routes in bgp??? like what ar ethe things which force us to use static routes.....secondly when we put network under bgp command like bgp 123 netwrok 192.168.0.1 255.255.255.0 so the router starts advertising the network to its peer?? am i right? just like other routing protocols? thridly what eigrp and ospf uses as its transport layer protocol like bgp uses 179? which ports other routing protocols uses....guys thanks a million in advance

3 REPLIES
Hall of Fame Super Blue

Re: BGP questions

Static routes in BGP can be used to advertise out networks. For example if you have under your BGP config

router bgp 65321

network 192.168.5.0 mask 255.255.255.0

and in your routing table you have

192.168.5.0 255.255.255.128

192.168.5.128 255.255.255.128

then it will not be advertised out because BGP needs an exact match in the IGP routing table to advertise a route out from it's network statement. So you could put

ip route 192.168.5.0 255.255.255.0 Null0

into the IGP table and then BGP would advertise it out. Alternatively you could just not include the "mask 255.255.255.0" part of the network statement and then as long as there is a part of the route in routng table it will be advertised out (thanks to Victor for pointing that last bit out).

You are correct in that if you have

router bgp 65321

network 192.168.5.0 255.255.255.0

then BGP will advertise this network out to other peers (subject to above provisos).

However this is not how IGP routing protocols (RIP/EIGRP/OSPF) work. For example

router eigrp 1

network 192.168.5.0

This does not tell EIGRP to advertise out network 192.168.5.0. What it does do is tell the router to start running EIGRP on any interface that has an ip address out of the 192.168.5.0 subnet.

EIGRP & OSPF work at L3 of the OSI model. They have their own IP protocol numbers

EIGRP 88

OSPF 89

so they do not have a TCP port number.

Jon

New Member

Re: BGP questions

Thanks Job lovely explanation.......ta

Blue

Re: BGP questions

Jon specializes in 'lovely.' :-)

Rated your post, Jon....I loved it.

Victor

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