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New Member

ECMP for static routes

Hello everyone,

ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.1.1.1

ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.1.1.2

ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.1.1.3

ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.1.1.4

ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.1.1.5

ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.1.1.6

I suppose, I can add up to 6 static routes for the same network for load traffic.  Is it true?

Can I add a command to limit it up to 2 only?

I am not sure, but probably all next hops for these routes have to be reachable via the same physical interface. 

R0------SW1-----R1

           |    |

         R2 R3

I can't find any Cisco refference about both statements, could you help me?  My questions related to both IOS: classical and IOS-XR. Thank you in advance.

--

Dmitry

2 ACCEPTED SOLUTIONS

Accepted Solutions

Re: ECMP for static routes

Dmitry,

In version 12.4, I can get 16 routes in the table:

R1(config)#do sh ip route

Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP

       D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area

       N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2

       E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2

       i - IS-IS, su - IS-IS summary, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2

       ia - IS-IS inter area, * - candidate default, U - per-user static route

       o - ODR, P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is 1.1.1.17 to network 0.0.0.0

     1.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets

C       1.1.1.0 is directly connected, Loopback1

S*   0.0.0.0/0 [1/0] via 1.1.1.17

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.16

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.15

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.14

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.13

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.12

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.11

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.10

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.9

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.8

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.7

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.6

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.5

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.4

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.3

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.2

R1(config)#

The way to do only 2 at a time would be to set your two preferred routes that you would want, and then set the others with a higher AD so they
wouldn't get put into the routing table until one of your preferred routes failed.

To note, I can't tell you if this is the same in IOS-XR. I don't have access to that IOS, but normal IOS allows for the above.

HTH,
John

*** Please rate all useful posts ***

HTH, John *** Please rate all useful posts ***
Hall of Fame Super Blue

ECMP for static routes

Dmitry

There should be no problem with using different next hop IPs or exit interfaces.

Jon

5 REPLIES

Re: ECMP for static routes

Dmitry,

In version 12.4, I can get 16 routes in the table:

R1(config)#do sh ip route

Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP

       D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area

       N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2

       E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2

       i - IS-IS, su - IS-IS summary, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2

       ia - IS-IS inter area, * - candidate default, U - per-user static route

       o - ODR, P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is 1.1.1.17 to network 0.0.0.0

     1.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets

C       1.1.1.0 is directly connected, Loopback1

S*   0.0.0.0/0 [1/0] via 1.1.1.17

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.16

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.15

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.14

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.13

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.12

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.11

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.10

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.9

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.8

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.7

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.6

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.5

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.4

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.3

               [1/0] via 1.1.1.2

R1(config)#

The way to do only 2 at a time would be to set your two preferred routes that you would want, and then set the others with a higher AD so they
wouldn't get put into the routing table until one of your preferred routes failed.

To note, I can't tell you if this is the same in IOS-XR. I don't have access to that IOS, but normal IOS allows for the above.

HTH,
John

*** Please rate all useful posts ***

HTH, John *** Please rate all useful posts ***
New Member

ECMP for static routes

hi John,

thank you very much!  AD is not an option.  I am trying to find something like "maximum-paths 10" under ospf/bgp/rip, but for static routing. Not clear can I use the destination-ip from different networks (via different interfaces)...

my question is not very practical, rather for better understanding.  thanks!

--

Dmitry

Hall of Fame Super Blue

ECMP for static routes

Dmitry

There should be no problem with using different next hop IPs or exit interfaces.

Jon

ECMP for static routes

It looks like you have that option with IOS-XR:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/routers/crs/software/crs_r4.2/routing/command/reference/b_routing_cr42crs_chapter_01001.html

As far as IOS, I don't believe you're going to have any other option other than AD. Maximum paths is limited to a routing protocol.

HTH,
John

*** Please rate all useful posts ***

HTH, John *** Please rate all useful posts ***
New Member

ECMP for static routes

Hi John,

yes, I've seen this command before, but it limits the total amount of static routes into your routing table.

"maximum path (static): To change the maximum number of allowable static routes, use the                 maximum path              command in static router configuration mode."

Anyway, you helped me a lot!  Thank you very much!

--

Dmitry

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