it is designed to be used on switches. This feature is not restricted to high-end switches only and I believe that most of L2 switches have this feature.
Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping streamlines multicast traffic handling for VLANs. By examining (snooping) IGMP membership report messages from interested hosts, multicast traffic is limited to the subset of VLAN interfaces on which the hosts reside.
And that is its main purpose - to limit multicast traffic to be sent only to those hosts which want that specific multicast. Otherwise (if igmp snooping is disabled), it would be flooded everywhere! Now, you know that multicast traffic can be bandwidth consuming so it is really a good thing to have igmp snooping enabled.
Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping constrains the flooding of multicast traffic by dynamically configuring the interfaces so that multicast traffic is forwarded only to those interfaces associated with IP multicast devices. The LAN switch snoops on the IGMP traffic between the host and the router and keeps track of multicast groups and member ports. When the switch receives an IGMP join report from a host for a particular multicast group, the switch adds the host port number to the associated multicast forwarding table entry. When it receives an IGMP Leave Group message from a host, it removes the host port from the table entry. After it relays the IGMP queries from the multicast router, it deletes entries periodically if it does not receive any IGMP membership reports from the multicast clients.
When IGMP snooping is enabled, the multicast router sends out periodic IGMP general queries to all VLANs. The switch responds to the router queries with only one join request per MAC multicast group, and the switch creates one entry per VLAN in the Layer 2 forwarding table for each MAC group from which it receives an IGMP join request. All hosts interested in this multicast traffic send join requests and are added to the forwarding table entry.
Layer 2 multicast groups learned through IGMP snooping are dynamic
By default, IGMP snooping is globally enabled on the switch. When globally enabled or disabled, it is also enabled or disabled in all existing VLAN interfaces. By default, IGMP snooping is enabled on all VLANs, but it can be enabled and disabled on a per-VLAN basis.
This is actually a pretty cool feature, i didn't even know it existed until I was looking for a solution to advertise a subnet (prefix in BGP talk), only if a certain condition existed. This is exactly what conditional advertisements does
j ai une question j ai achete un routeur cisco 887VA-k9 , je le configuré avec la configuration ci- dessous
si je le lier avec mon pc portable sur l un de ses ports directement ça marche toute est bien ( la connexion internet + m...
Attached policy provides CLI access to the Cisco 4G router over text messaging. Two files are in the attached .tar file:
2. PDF with instructions on how to load and use the .tcl file.