Cisco Support Community
cancel
Showing results for 
Search instead for 
Did you mean: 
Announcements

Welcome to Cisco Support Community. We would love to have your feedback.

For an introduction to the new site, click here. And see here for current known issues.

Cisco Employee

Inexplicable routing

Hi all,

I have a Cisco ME3800X switch to which I've tried to set a default gateway using the command ip default gateway 10.56.116.105 for management purposes. After noticing this switch's management sessions do not go through the ACL on that gateway, I checked the output of show ip route and did see that altough the default gateway is set as 10.56.116.105, the gateway for all hosts on the table goes through 10.56.116.1 (which is a valid GW, but not the one I want to use). Here are the outputs:

Show run:

ME3800X-3#show run | i ip default

ip default-gateway 10.56.116.105

ME3800X-3#

Show IP route:

ME3800X-3#show ip route

Default gateway is 10.56.116.105

Host               Gateway           Last Use    Total Uses  Interface

10.56.22.39        10.56.116.1           0:00          2908  GigabitEthernet0/24

10.56.58.45        10.56.116.1           0:00       1537990  GigabitEthernet0/24

10.56.58.34        10.56.116.1           0:00          5216  GigabitEthernet0/24

10.56.58.38        10.56.116.1           0:00           196  GigabitEthernet0/24

10.56.57.36        10.56.116.1           0:00         11936  GigabitEthernet0/24

10.56.56.63        10.56.116.1           0:00       1068500  GigabitEthernet0/24

10.56.57.51        10.56.116.1           0:00          2196  GigabitEthernet0/24

10.56.57.48        10.56.116.1           0:04         74764  GigabitEthernet0/24

10.56.22.101       10.56.116.1           0:00       1822400  GigabitEthernet0/24

10.56.58.68        10.56.116.1           0:00          4427  GigabitEthernet0/24

10.56.56.91        10.56.116.1           0:00         12756  GigabitEthernet0/24

10.56.57.85        10.56.116.1           0:00       1500310  GigabitEthernet0/24

10.56.58.104       10.56.116.1           0:00         81962  GigabitEthernet0/24

10.56.56.111       10.56.116.1           0:00          3408  GigabitEthernet0/24

10.56.58.103       10.56.116.1           0:00       1581270  GigabitEthernet0/24

10.56.22.94        10.56.116.1           0:00         13062  GigabitEthernet0/24

10.56.22.163       10.56.116.1           0:00         74578  GigabitEthernet0/24

10.56.56.130       10.56.116.1           0:00          1776  GigabitEthernet0/24

10.56.56.131       10.56.116.1           0:00       1037550  GigabitEthernet0/24

10.56.56.202       10.56.116.1           0:00         38046  GigabitEthernet0/24

ME3800X-3#

Can anyone suggest why this is happenning and what would be the solution to make the switch forward packets to 10.56.116.105?

Thanks,

Lior

Everyone's tags (1)
4 REPLIES
Cisco Employee

Inexplicable routing

Hello Lior,

Is it possible that the 10.56.116.105 is sending ICMP redirects for all those destinations you see indicated in the show ip route output, claiming that the better gateway would be 10.56.116.1 instead? You should check the routing table on the 10.56.116.105 and see what is its own idea of next hop towards these destinations.

Best regards,

Peter

Cisco Employee

Inexplicable routing

Well, actually, the real GW is indeed 10.56.116.1 and 10.56.116.105 is directing all traffic to it eventually, but I need all traffic going through my network to go through 10.56.116.105 first, as that's my ACL.

If indeed 10.56.116.105 is redirecting ICMP, than I have two additional questions:

1. How can I change that setting?

2. Why would ICMP redirects (which, if I understand correctly, affects only on ICMP packets) would affect traffic by any other protocol (such as telnet, for example)?

Thanks,

Lior

Cisco Employee

Inexplicable routing

Hello Lior,

If indeed 10.56.116.105 is redirecting ICMP

It is not redirecting ICMP It is sending ICMP Redirect messages. Read more about them here:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/tk365/technologies_tech_note09186a0080094702.shtml

1. How can I change that setting?

By using the no ip redirects command on the gateway's interface having the IP address 10.56.116.105.

2. Why would ICMP redirects (which, if I understand correctly, affects  only on ICMP packets) would affect traffic by any other protocol (such  as telnet, for example)?

ICMP Redirects are signalling messages between a host and its gateway that influence the routing of all traffic. The 'ICMP' in their name refers to the fact that these redirects are carried in ICMP messages but that does not limit their validity to ICMP traffic.

Best regards,

Peter

Cisco Employee

Inexplicable routing

Hi Peter,

Thanks a lot for the informative response I'll try that command on my network and read the document you've linked to.

Best regards,

Lior

129
Views
5
Helpful
4
Replies
CreatePlease to create content