We been seeing tons of Line Code Violations and Path Code Violations on our T1 (frame relay). Telco has tested the circuit a few times, it's clean. Telco says we are getting hit with tons of traffic causing the Line Code Violations and Path Code Violations.
We have replaced the cabling and T1 card.
Also, whenever this happens, the router stops responding and we have to reboot it. It has happened a few times and at the same time.
Is the line code (b8zs/ami) consistent with the provider setting. I doubt excessive traffic is causing the LCV and PCV as this is normally a result of physical layer problems.
With loopback testing you could isolate the trouble whether it's on the CPE or circuit. You can do software/hardware loopback tests but hardware loopback tests are more accurate. This link should help with you loopback testing.
I'm having this same issue on 2 separate routers on 2 separate circuits. They are both Verizon circuits. I have spoken with a couple techs, they don't seems to know excatly what the settings on the controller should be.
2800-test#sh controllers t1 0/0/0
T1 0/0/0 is up.
Applique type is Channelized T1
Cablelength is long gain36 0db
No alarms detected.
alarm-trigger is not set
Version info Firmware: 20040202, FPGA: 11
Framing is ESF, Line Code is B8ZS, Clock Source is Line.
CRC Threshold is 320. Reported from firmware is 320.
Data in current interval (507 seconds elapsed):
156 Line Code Violations, 155 Path Code Violations
0 Slip Secs, 0 Fr Loss Secs, 147 Line Err Secs, 8 Degraded Mins
Usually violations are related to the coding of the T-1. example: Bipolar violations are that you are receiving violations with regards to the coding (B8ZS or AMI) in that either you have a miscoded line or errors on the line that caused the violation. In reference to the Line and Path violations, the line violations are reference to your local loop to your first DACs point. That is where your coding is either generated or passed along from your carrier (dependant on how you are provisioned for the T-1). The Path is the whole length of the T-1 line from point A to Point Z. If you are receiving Line errors then your issue is from you to your first DACs point. If Path errors then the issue lies anywhere within the path of the T-1 line from A to Z. My quess from your errors is that you may have a miscoded T-1 line. Possibly you may have AMI coding somewhere down the path... You can isolate this by placing a BERT tester on the line and run a 2:8 pattern which will pass then run a 1:7 pattern which will invoke B8ZS. If any point is mismatched then you will get errors on the line from the 1:7 pattern. From that point you need to isolate further..Good Luck...
This document gives several answers on frequently asked questions for PFRv3 channel state behavior.
Q1: What are all the channel operational states from a BR (border role) perspective and what are the rules/conditions to be in each st...
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