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Community Member

Packet Drops - GRE Tunnels

Hi

Got this scenario and see Packet drops.

Physical link is ok

Bandwidth is less than 40% used on both ends

IPSEC Over GRE with Two Tunnels from Site_A to Site_B with different service provider.

EIGRP is running between the Tunnels

From Site_A if I try to reach a host in Site_B it prefers Tunnel 10 most of the time

From Site_B if I try to reach a host in Site_A it prefers Tunnel 20 most of the time

On Site_A

Tunnel 10 is termined with ISP 1 having 8MB ( recently upgraded)

Tunnel 20 is termined with ISP 2 having 1.5MB

On Site_B

Tunnel 10 is termined with ISP 1 having 4MB

Tunnel 20 is termined with ISP 2 having 1.5MB

Both Internet link is terminated on the same router at both ends and connects to Core for LAN Users

Site_A_Core................VPN_RTR---------------8MB--------------INTERNET--------------4MB------------------VPN_RTR-----------------------Core_Site_B  [ ISP1]

Site_A_Core................VPN_RTR------------1.5MB---------------INTERNET-----------1.5MB------------------VPN_RTR-----------------------Core_Site_B  [ ISP 2]

Is it also possible to control traffic share count on both links

1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION

Accepted Solutions
Hall of Fame Super Silver

Re: Packet Drops - GRE Tunnels

Hello tadlab707,

forgive me I don't remember your name and currently it is not visible.

>> how did you get variance 6 for above BW,  ( 8/1.5 = 5.3 )

that is what I did a ratio of BWs on the two tunnels.

I don't understand how you can have 8 Mbps on HQ side and 4 Mbps on BB8 side, if you refer to link speed provided by provider.

all these tunnels are point-to-point GRE tunnels.

However, you have got the idea behind EIGRP load balancing over unequal cost links.

to provide complete information EIGRP metric with default k -values  is given by:

256 * (sum of delays on path in tens of microseconds) + 256 * 10^7 / ( min BW on path in kbps)

Hope to help

Giuseppe

8 REPLIES
Hall of Fame Super Silver

Re: Packet Drops - GRE Tunnels

Hello tadlabs707,

you should give more information about how the two GRE tunnels are used

Are you using a dynamic routing protocol over the two GRE tunnels or you are using simple static routes?

With a dynamic routing, more specifically with EIGRP you may be able to handle two unequal links

Hope to help

Giuseppe

Community Member

Re: Packet Drops - GRE Tunnels

Hi Giuseppe

Initial plan was to use one link for Application using PBR but it doesnt work. Time to time it get into issues.

GRE Tunnels are used in load sharing mode, EIGRP is running over the tunnel. I have attached the config.

Earlier I had taken your advice and moved to EIGRP for unequal Bandwidth.

Traffic from HQ passes to B8 using 8MB Link

but Traffic from B8 passes to HQ using 1.5MB Link ???

Packet drops are for few seconds and then reachability is ok, it happens time to time.

Physical link is ok.  I suspect config issues. Can u help by checking the config.

Is it possible I dont lose packets since two links are under EIGRP from HQ to B8

B8 = Branch8

Hall of Fame Super Silver

Re: Packet Drops - GRE Tunnels

Hello,

I now remember that we had discussed about this scenario in some previous thread.

However, in the configuration files that you have attached for HQ router and for Branch router 8 I don't see an attempt to modify EIGRP metrics.

these commands like increasing delay and/or modifying bandwidth needs to be set under tunnel interfaces.

example:

on both sides tunnel 55 is primary

interface tunnel 55

delay 10000

bandwidth 8000

interface tunnel 56

delay 10000

bandwidth 1500

if you do so on both sides and then you add the variance command in router eigrp mode

the value to be used should be integer ( BW1/BW2 ) in our case is 6

router eigrp 3

variance 6

all this has to be done on both sides

Hope to help

Giuseppe

Community Member

Re: Packet Drops - GRE Tunnels

Thanks Giuseppe

I have 15 Tunnels in total on the router.

Total BW link 1 = 8MB

Total BW link 2 = 1.5MB

what I understood from your email variance is nothing to do with number of tunnels but with BW

how did you get variance 6 for above BW,  ( 8/1.5 = 5.3 ) 

Do variance needs to be applied on both ends

On Branch8 there is BW=4 and BW=1.5   ( 4/1.5 = 2.6 ) = 3

Hall of Fame Super Silver

Re: Packet Drops - GRE Tunnels

Hello tadlab707,

forgive me I don't remember your name and currently it is not visible.

>> how did you get variance 6 for above BW,  ( 8/1.5 = 5.3 )

that is what I did a ratio of BWs on the two tunnels.

I don't understand how you can have 8 Mbps on HQ side and 4 Mbps on BB8 side, if you refer to link speed provided by provider.

all these tunnels are point-to-point GRE tunnels.

However, you have got the idea behind EIGRP load balancing over unequal cost links.

to provide complete information EIGRP metric with default k -values  is given by:

256 * (sum of delays on path in tens of microseconds) + 256 * 10^7 / ( min BW on path in kbps)

Hope to help

Giuseppe

Community Member

Re: Packet Drops - GRE Tunnels

Hi Giuseppe

Its not a point to point link, its 8MB Internet.

Thanks alot I got the unequal loadbalancing working Ok.

Help me on PBR, I will post it again. I had hardtime getting it work, after getting great help from you and Rick.

Re: Packet Drops - GRE Tunnels

Hello Tadlabs,

I recommend if you look at Eigrp documentation (How the variance works in Eigrp) for more information.

The Variance is multiplier and is used in Eigrp for un equal cost loadbalancing, look at the example bellow:

If you have a router with 3 possible paths to specific destination network, lets assume you have the following metric for each path:

1- 2

2- 4

3-6

Eigrp shall use path 1 by default as it has the lowest metric to that destination, as its Feasible distance. To place path 2 in the routing table with a metric of 4, you have to use variance 2, 2 * 2 = 4 .  If you want to place path 3 in the routing table, you should configure the variance to be 3 , as 3*2 = 6. and so on and so forth.

What exactly you need from PBR so we can help you further?

Mohamed

Hall of Fame Super Gold

Re: Packet Drops - GRE Tunnels

To add a bit to the response from Mohamed, for EIGRP variance to work the route must qualify as a feasible successor. So even if you configure variance of 3 the more expensive route with metric of 6 will not be placed into the routing table unless it satisfies the feasibility condition.

HTH

Rick

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