It will use the learned one. A gateway of last resort is exactly as it implies, a gateway of last resort to any network unknown to the router. Basically you are telling the router the next hop address to any unknown networks. You state that you are sending a ping to an unknown network, but if the network is learned through RIP then it's not unknown is it.
Then I guess it is a typographical error. While different routing protocols can have the default route in their database pointing to different next-hops, only one is installed into the routing table. The choice of which is installed in the routing table is dependent on the Adimnistrative Distance of the protocol.
Therefore if you configure a static default route and RIP learns a default route also, the static route will be installed in the routing table by default. This is because by default, the AD of static routes is 1. However, if the AD of the static route is changed to 200, which is higher than the AD of RIP (120), the RIP default route will be installed in the routing table.
Forwarding of unknown addresses is based on the default route present in the routing table, irrespective of the source of the route.
However, if there are multiple default routes from the same routing protocol with the same metrics, these can be installed together into the routing table. The traffic is then load balanced across them.
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