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New Member

Unable to advertise route in BGP multihomed circuit config

Wondering if someone could help with this one.  We are using BGP with a primary and secondary ISP connection.  To a be a bit more specific for example an ethernet circuit (Primary) is on network 4.0.0.0/30 and a multilink T1(Secondary) is on network 5.0.0.0/30.  We have interfaces being used with public LAN addressing for both ISP's.  The problem we have is when the primary circuit goes down.  The users are unable to get out to the Internet.  Let's say the public LAN network for the primary ISP is on 4.1.1.0/29 and for the secondary ISP it is on 5.1.1.0/24.  Traffic from 5.1.1.0/24 is being advertised from what we can tell and the ISP claims they are not seeing the network being advertised.  The ISP claims we may have a filter blocking the traffic from getting out.  Here's a portion of the config we are using:

 

interface Multilink1
 description Secondary ISP WAN Interface
 bandwidth 3072
 ip address 5.0.0.2 255.255.255.252
 no ip redirects
 no ip unreachables
 no ip proxy-arp
 ip flow ingress
 ip flow egress
 ppp multilink
 ppp multilink group 1
 ppp multilink endpoint mac GigabitEthernet0/0
 ppp multilink fragment disable
 no cdp enable
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/0
 description Secondary ISP LAN Block 5.1.1.0/24
 ip address 5.1.1.3 255.255.255.0
 no ip redirects
 no ip unreachables
 no ip proxy-arp
 standby 1 ip 5.1.1.1
 standby 1 priority 105
 standby 1 preempt
 standby 1 name HSRP
 standby 1 track 1 decrement 10
 duplex full
 speed auto
 media-type rj45
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/1
 description Primary ISP WAN Interface
 ip address 4.0.0.2 255.255.255.252
 no ip redirects
 no ip unreachables
 no ip proxy-arp
 duplex full
 speed 100
 media-type rj45
!
interface Serial0/0/0
 description Secondary ISP First Link
 bandwidth 1536
 no ip address
 no ip redirects
 no ip unreachables
 no ip proxy-arp
 encapsulation ppp
 no fair-queue
 ppp multilink
 ppp multilink group 1
 ppp multilink endpoint mac GigabitEthernet0/0
 no cdp enable
!
interface Serial0/1/0
 bandwidth 1536
 no ip address
 no ip redirects
 no ip unreachables
 no ip proxy-arp
 encapsulation ppp
 no fair-queue
 ppp multilink
 ppp multilink group 1
 ppp multilink endpoint mac GigabitEthernet0/0
 no cdp enable
!
interface FastEthernet0/2/0
 description Primary ISP Public LAN
 ip address 4.1.1.1 255.255.255.248
 duplex auto
 speed auto
!
interface FastEthernet0/2/1
 no ip address
 duplex auto
 speed auto
!
router bgp 2465
 bgp log-neighbor-changes
 neighbor 4.0.0.1 remote-as 74
 neighbor 4.0.0.1 description Primary
 neighbor 4.0.0.1 version 4
 neighbor 5.0.0.1 remote-as 109
 neighbor 5.0.0.1 description Secondary
 neighbor 5.0.0.1 version 4
 !
 address-family ipv4
  network 4.1.1.0 mask 255.255.255.248
  network 5.1.1.0 mask 255.255.255.0
  redistribute connected
  redistribute static
  neighbor 4.0.0.1 activate
  neighbor 4.0.0.1 weight 500
  neighbor 4.0.0.1 soft-reconfiguration inbound
  neighbor 5.0.0.1 activate
  neighbor 5.0.0.1 weight 200
  neighbor 5.0.0.1 soft-reconfiguration inbound
  neighbor 5.0.0.1 prefix-list ABC in
  neighbor 5.0.0.1 route-map localonly out
 exit-address-family
!
no ip forward-protocol nd
no ip http server
no ip http secure-server
!
ip as-path access-list 10 permit ^$
!
!
ip prefix-list ABC seq 5 permit 0.0.0.0/0
!
!
!
!
route-map localonly permit 10
 set as-path prepend 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109
!

 

 

Hope someone can help.  Any help will be appreciated.

1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION

Accepted Solutions

HelloCan you try ammeding

Hello

Can you try ammending your prepend statement to include your own ASN instead of the ISP's

 

res

Paul

Please don't forget to rate any posts that have been helpful. Thanks.
10 REPLIES

HelloCan you try ammeding

Hello

Can you try ammending your prepend statement to include your own ASN instead of the ISP's

 

res

Paul

Please don't forget to rate any posts that have been helpful. Thanks.
New Member

You mean set as-path prepend

You mean set as-path prepend 2465 2465 2465 ... Etc? Why do you think that would work?

Because  BGP routers drop

Because  BGP routers drop prefixes having their own AS number within the AS_PATH.

So if the ISP route within AS 109 receives a prefix with his AS number 109 prepened by your route-map, it drops it.


 

Best regards,

Milan



 

New Member

So to understand fully if I

So to understand fully if I change the prepend command with my own as 2645 when there is failover or vice-versa both ISP's will adhere to the command and take over traffic?

Hello

Hello At present you are trying to advertised your local network prefixes to an ISP of 109 however your are prepending on these routes with an ASN of 109 So as milan stated -A default loop prevention of BGP to drop routes when it receives a route with its own ASN . it is suggested by cisco to use your local ASN when prepending. Please try and amend your prepending and check to see it the ips in question begins to receive your advertised routes. Res Paul
Please don't forget to rate any posts that have been helpful. Thanks.
New Member

Okay thanks.  I'll be trying

Okay thanks.  I'll be trying this and will see what happens.  Here is the command I will add, changing the previous one:

route-map localonly permit 10
 set as-path prepend 2465 2465 2465 2465 2465 2465 2465 2465 2465

Wish me luck.  I appreciate your advice and will let you know the results.

New Member

So far so good.  I tried the

So far so good.  I tried the command and the users were able to get internet traffic out through the secondary connection when we disconnected the primary.  We will continue monitoring and if we see any problems we'll let you know.

New Member

Just wanted to add this is

Just wanted to add this is still working fine but one other question on this one, I'm noticing in Nagios monitoring that bandwidth graphs show some traffic still going through secondary circuit although most of the traffic does go through primary.  Is there a way to make sure all traffic goes through primary?

Hi,as long as you advertise

Hi,

as long as you advertise your prefixes on both lines, you can be never 100% sure all incoming traffic will come through the primary line.

Don't forget the ISPs may have their own preference policy.

So your secondary ISP B will probably still prefer to route to your site through his direct connection even while receiving the same prefixes from your primary ISP A (even with shorter AS_PATH - ISP B can configure his local preference, e.g.). And if there are some other customers connected to the ISP B directly, they will probably connect to you through the secondary line.

So your prepending made the most of traffic incoming through your primary line but you can't be sure no traffic will come through the secondary line.

 

Best regards,

Milan
 

Helo Glad to hear that - and

Helo

 

Glad to hear that - and also thanks for the rating!

 

res

Paul

Please don't forget to rate any posts that have been helpful. Thanks.
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