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VRF, BGP and OSPF

Hi, I hope someone can help me or point me in the right direction for a possible solution here. I'm currently working on a solution to terminate a new MPLS network. The connection is VRF within BGP. There are two VRF's coming in via BGP. These two networks need to be separate when it comes to connectivity/routing on the end LAN networks. My device that terminates the provider MPLS connection is running BGP and the LAN's I will be connecting to both run OSPF. The device I am using to connect to the MPLS is a Cisco 3560X. The VRF's are both up and I can see routes etc. The setup is like this

ISP Device------>Cisco 3560X with BGP/OSPF------>Cisco 3560 Enhanced IOS------>LAN

This setup is identical for both VRF's, the only exception is the Cisco 3560 Enhanced IOS device will be physically different, there will be two of these, one for each network.

What I would like to do with each VRF is at some point break them out of the VRF and into the global routing table, I dont want to extend the VRF ideally beyond the Cisco 3560X device. If I need to extend the VRF into Cisco 3560 Enhanced I can do that, but from that device I really need to be redistributing my routes in to and from a global table/OSPF process. My reasoning behind this is that the LAN consists of a non Cisco devices running OSPF and given the scale of the network I'd rather not have to configure this for VRF, if I can leave it untouched then that would be my absolute preference!

I know this is goes against the basis of using VRF, but VRF is needed to traverse the MPLS links given the data involved, but when it comes onto both LAN's if I could possibly get each VRF into it's own, non VRF routing process that would be ideal. I had considered running BGP on my Cisco 3560 enhanced and making it a neighbor of the Cisco 3560X, then from the Cisco 3560 E, breaking out the routes into a standard OSPF process, I couldn't quite get this working.

Any help, advice, thoughts would be greatly appreciated.

Thanks,

Kenny.

Everyone's tags (2)
1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION

Accepted Solutions
Hall of Fame Super Silver

Re: VRF, BGP and OSPF

Hello Kenny,

the correct configuration should be with both eBGP sessions under the same address-family

router bgp C3560X-AS

address-family ipv4 vrf VRF-NAME

neigh ISP remote-as  ISP-AS

neigh C3560 remote-as C3560-AS

in order for the eBGP session to be setup the involved interface either an SVI or a routed port has to be member of VRF-NAME

this means that

ip vrf forwarding VRF-NAME

has to appear in SVI/routed port configuration of the L3 interface towards C3560

you can check what interfaces are member of a VRF with

show ip vrf VRF-NAME detail

Edit:

to check BGP sessions use

show ip bgp vpnv4 all summary

BGP sessions in VRF are not listed in show ip bgp sum output

Hope to help

Giuseppe

5 REPLIES
Hall of Fame Super Silver

Re: VRF, BGP and OSPF

Hello Kenny,

>> This setup is identical for both VRF's, the only exception is the Cisco 3560 Enhanced IOS device will be physically different, there will be two of these, one for each network.

What you want to do is feasible and reasonable I would suggest you to post your configurations.

Generally speaking, you can use use OSPF between the C3560X multi VRF aware and each C3560E (not VRF aware global routing table) you should use a per VRF OSPF process on the C3560X.= all complexity on the C3560X.+ mutual redistribution of OSPF in VRF and BGP.

Also using eBGP between C3560X ( in VRF) to C3560E (global routing table) + BGP redistribution into OSPF in C3560E is possible.

You should use a different private AS number for the C3560E in order to have an eBGP session.

When redistributing into OSPF the keyword subnets is highly recommended.

You can use network commands in BGP to advertise OSPF subnets unless they are more then 200. This would avoid one redistribution from OSPF to BGP on the C3560E.

Hope to help

Giuseppe

New Member

Re: VRF, BGP and OSPF

Thanks Giuseppe, I'll give these suggestions a try early next week.I appreciate your feedback and advice.

Thanks,

Kenny.

New Member

Re: VRF, BGP and OSPF

Hi Giuseppe,

I'm having a couple of problems with this, I hope you can offer more advice. I have a single BGP process ID on the Cisco 3560X, in here there is an address family with the external/MPLS BGP neighbor for the VRF(I'm only bringing one VRF online just now). This VRF is working and I can see the external routes etc. If I try to create an eBGP relationship from the 3560X to my Cisco 3560E under this address family/VRF it doesn't seem to establish. If I move the eBGP relationship on the 3560X to 3560E from under address family on Cisco 3560X and directly under the router bgp 65xxx, then it establishes and I can see the routes advertised from my BGP process on the 3560E. Is it possible from a BGP address family to have a neighbor relationship and advertising/receiving advertisements from VRF and the same with a non VRF neighbor? My 3560E is just configured with a standard BGP AS and no mention of VRF.

Should I be establishing the eBGP relationship from under the 'global' BGP process on 3560X to 3560? If I do this, how do I get the routes from VRF to Global/Global to VRF.

Thanks again for any advice/assistance.

Kenny.

Hall of Fame Super Silver

Re: VRF, BGP and OSPF

Hello Kenny,

the correct configuration should be with both eBGP sessions under the same address-family

router bgp C3560X-AS

address-family ipv4 vrf VRF-NAME

neigh ISP remote-as  ISP-AS

neigh C3560 remote-as C3560-AS

in order for the eBGP session to be setup the involved interface either an SVI or a routed port has to be member of VRF-NAME

this means that

ip vrf forwarding VRF-NAME

has to appear in SVI/routed port configuration of the L3 interface towards C3560

you can check what interfaces are member of a VRF with

show ip vrf VRF-NAME detail

Edit:

to check BGP sessions use

show ip bgp vpnv4 all summary

BGP sessions in VRF are not listed in show ip bgp sum output

Hope to help

Giuseppe

New Member

Re: VRF, BGP and OSPF

Thanks Giuseppe, that worked.

Thanks for your help, very much appreciated.

Kenny.

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